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Essay example - Philosophy. What is meant by the claim: “To be is to be perceived”? (Berkeley). How did the views of Descartes, Leibniz, Hobbes, Hume or Kant, contribute to the Scientific Revolution?
Pages 5 (1255 words)
One of the central philosophical ideas of Berkeley revolves around the notion of perception of materials. He believes that all materials and objects in the world do not exist in reality, as they are just ideas in the minds of human beings…
Extract of sample
That is, Berkeley argues that such material objects have no existence in the physical world beyond being perceived. He expresses this philosophical view clearly when he cites the examples of the sun, moon, stars, and other objects, referring to them as "only so many sensations in [people's] minds, which have no other existence but barely being perceived" (94, Emphasis Berkeley's). From this supposition, Berkeley concludes that people should never fall in a state of worship for their own ideas, "but rather address their homage to that Eternal Invisible Mind which produces and sustains all things" (94, Emphasis Berkeley's). In that sense, Berkeley puts much emphasis on the maker, whom he refers to as the Super power or eternal mind, rather than the objects themselves. In a nutshell, the essence of Berkeley's supposition is that every material object is nothing more than an idea, and that human minds are usually engaged in the process of perceiving all these material objects in the universe. ...
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