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Susan Wolf: Asymmetrical Freedom. - Essay Example
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Susan Wolf: Asymmetrical Freedom.
Wolf in her arguments states that for an individual to be morally responsible, he must meet two conditions: he must be a free agent, one whose actions are under personal control. …
Secondly, he must be an ethical agent, one to whom the moral claims relate, since his actions can be neither wrong nor right, and then there is no reason to credit or discredit him for. Wolf refers to the first condition as the condition of freedom, while the second one as the condition of value. According to Wolf, an agent’s actions are psychologically determined only on condition that his actions are determined by personal interests. By this, he means that his desires or values, and own interests are wholly determined by his environment or heredity. If people’s actions are determined, there is a high probability of the idea of psychological determinism being true. Considering what not being determined by his interests would mean for the actions of an agent, or for an agent to be capable of acting despite his interests, Wolf argues that the agent can act against everything that he cares about and what he believes in. For instance, if a son of an agent was in a burning building, yet the agent is standing and watching the building consumed by fire, then a person could think that such behavior ought not to be regarded as an action, but as spasms that are beyond the control of the agent. If it is an action, then they are so bizarre that an agent who did not bother to help may have been insane to have the ability to perform it. ...
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