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Is Voluntary Euthanasia Morally Permissible - Essay Example

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Is Voluntary Euthanasia Morally Permissible

In voluntary euthanasia, the patient expresses this choice and passes on the death action when faced by a situation where life is not worth living. Voluntary euthanasia can be either active or passive. In active euthanasia, doctors, family members, and the patient may all reach a consensus to end the patient’s life through lethal injection, for instance. On the other end, passive euthanasia takes place they allow the disease to kill the patient by withholding essential medication for treating an illness that kills (Howe, 2004:2). This paper will seek to establish whether voluntary euthanasia is morally permissible and whether authorities should legalize it deriving answers from Rachel, Callahan, and Larch’s arguments. Voluntary euthanasia is morally permissible The arguments of Rachel, Callahan, and Larch regarding voluntary euthanasia set forth major views of both traditionalist and libertarians. With reference to the views of libertarians set forth by philosopher James Rachel, there is no moral relevance or difference between active and passive euthanasia (Garrard and Wilkinson, 2012:1). He further adds that, from a moral point of view, the most important aspect is a person’s biographical life, which includes the person’s relationships, aspirations, and interest among others. Contrary, Rachel points out that a person’s biological life is not important when viewed morally. He brings forth a bit of controversy when he exclaims that, since there is no relevant distinction between active and passive euthanasia, there is also no given case when passive euthanasia is morally justifiable than active euthanasia. However, given the aspects related to voluntary euthanasia as set forth by Rachel’s argument, voluntary euthanasia is morally permissible (Feinberg and Feinberg, 2010:214). From a traditionalists view such as Callahan, their arguments show that there is a clear moral distinction between active and passive voluntary euthanasia. This is because of the fact that, active voluntary euthanasia involves a direct and intentional ending of an innocent human life whereas passive euthanasia involves allowing the natural process of dying to take its course by either withdrawing or withholding treatment. Nevertheless, under certain circumstances such as when the patient is terminal, death appears merely foreseen, imminent, not directly caused, and treatment is extraordinary, passive euthanasia is morally permissible (Garrard and Wilkinson, 2012:3). This is because; it is inhumane and cruel to turn down the plea of a terminally ill person to end his or her life in order to avoid unnecessary pain and suffering. If an action violates no one’s rights and its cause promotes the best interests of everyone concerned, then the action is morally acceptable, says Callahan’s argument. Voluntary euthanasia advocates put across that, a patient becomes a qualified candidate for voluntary euthanasia when his or her chances of recovery are not beneficial, not to him or herself or anyone else. The intention of this condition is to reflect on the fact that it is normally agreeable to say that someone’s health condition is incurable or irreversible. Proponents argue that, when a terminally ill person undergoes voluntary euthanasia, he or she dies with dignity and without pain (Feinberg and Feinberg, 2010:233). Therefore, under circumstances where the hope for life deems minimal and the course of the disease as well as the adaptive response of the body is not predictable, then voluntary euthana ...Show more


Name Institution Instructor Course Date Is Voluntary Euthanasia Morally Permissible? Studies show that this is a highly controversial subject given the definition that euthanasia involves killing an ailing individual intentionally in order to end suffering…
Author : whegmann
Is Voluntary Euthanasia Morally Permissible essay example
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