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Moral Journeys Philosophy Essay
Pages 5 (1255 words)
Moral Journeys Nowadays people turn to ethics to reflect on what is important to them. Modern world faces new challenges and problems, most them are connected with the rapidly growing gap between poor and rich countries. The paper analyses and compares Peter Singer's and Garrett Hardin's positions on helping the poor.
In his article Hardin contrasts two metaphors: “spaceship metaphor” and “lifeboat metaphor”. The first metaphor represents the egalitarian model of distributive justice, which the author considers unreasonable: The spaceship metaphor can be dangerous when used by misguided idealists to justify suicidal policies for sharing our resources through uncontrolled immigration and foreign aid. (Hardin) The latter is a new concept introduced by Hardin. “Lifeboat ethics” advocates the state-centered approach to justice: First, we must recognize the limited capacity of any lifeboat. For example, a nation's land has a limited capacity to support a population and as the current energy crisis has shown us, in some ways we have already exceeded the carrying capacity of our land. (Hardin) From a utilitarian standpoint helping the poor puts a strain on economy of the rich countries, where certain groups get financial benefit from the charity programs. The author shows how the concept of the World Food Bank cannot possibly be implemented to achieve the goal: Some countries will deposit food in the world food bank, and others will withdraw it. There will be almost no overlap. ...
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