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Ethical Theory - Essay Example

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Ethical Theory

This paper will be based on normative ethics theory. Normative theories seek to answer moral questions concerning what is right and wrong. Examples of normative theories include: virtue ethics, Kantian ethics, and utilitarian ethics among others. Examples of virtues are: confidentiality, autonomy, equality, veracity, beneficence, finality, tolerance, and respect for persons, among others. I will place a greater emphasis on virtue theory. Virtue theories have less emphasis on the rules and regulations that people should follow and mostly focus on helping individuals develop good character personality like generosity and kindness. These traits will enable the individual to make right decisions in their future lives. Virtue theory emphasizes on the need for people to break the bad habits or vices that stand in the way of one becoming a good person. When dealing with virtue theories individuals should ask themselves the following questions: what virtues are characteristic of the individual that I would like to be now and in future? What kind of a person do I want to be? And what actions will cultivate the virtues I want to have? Though virtue ethics are not popular, it is one of the oldest types of ethical theories in Western philosophy. ...
Virtue ethical theories have an important role in our understanding of morality as they emphasize on the central role played by purposes in moral questions. An act of virtue is an act of a particular motivation meaning that right moral decisions need the right motives. Ethical theories are essential because other moral theories experience difficulties when handling complicated moral calculations on the best actions to take, or the moral duties they can emphasize on. Virtue ethical theories guarantee that once an individual is successful in creating the kind of an individual they would like to be, the right moral decisions will naturally come. In reality, virtue ethics is not neat and simple as it is imagined, though most common moral decisions may seem as the right moral character. The truth is most moral challenges need a critical thinking and analysis as a person’s good character does not guarantee assurance of right decision making. Another setback to virtue ethics theory is the question of what is the right personality character that one is supposed to have as one’s virtue may be another’s vice and one’s vice may be another’s virtue. There is no clear universal definition of what is a vice or a virtue. Some proponents of the virtue ethics theory suggest that we determine the right virtues by questioning a virtuous person. Others propose that asking a happy individual but this is an assumption of a correlation between happiness and virtue. To fully understand the virtue theories of ethics, we should regard them as means of approaching moral psychology and not moral epistemology. This means that virtue theories should not be compared with theories that help people to make moral decisions. Virtue ethics should be viewed as a way ...Show more

Summary

Instructor Date Ethical Theory Ethics is the conscious manifestation of an individual’s moral beliefs and attitudes by the use of normative theories. Ethical theories are branches of ethics that play the role of determining if an act is right or wrong…
Author : shane20
Ethical Theory Essay essay example
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