StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Descrates' Substance Dualism - Admission/Application Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet
The first manifestation is the dualism of body and soul in man. Two substances—mental and material—are completely separated from each other. Descartes, however, mentioned the pineal gland, in which they are connected, but this argument has no effect. In general, there is a gap between them. Mental substance has no spatial parameters, material substance has spatial parameters. Descartes rejects admission of the existence of the body; he speaks of the mental unenbodied substance, which exists in itself separated from the body. The second manifestation is the duality of God and world. This is a deistic position: God is the creator of the world. Having created the world as an extended substance, he gave it the laws of mechanics and the first impulse. God does not intervene in the affairs of the world. After that everything develops according to the laws of mechanics. In terms of dualism Descartes solved the fundamental question of philosophy – the dispute about the priority of matter or consciousness is meaningless. Matter and consciousness are united only in man, and since man is dualistic (combines two substances – the material and the spiritual), neither matter nor consciousness can be primary – they always exist and are two different manifestations of being. This viewpoint seems to be the closest to common sense. In fact, people tend to believe that they have both mind and body, and even though they somehow fit together, the difference between thoughts, feelings, and such material things as rocks or tables is too large to consider all these things as a single form of being. According to materialist outlook, matter (objective reality) is ontologically the primary cause, and the ideal is secondary. Materialism recognizes the existence of a single substance – matter; all entities are formed by matter and all phenomena (including consciousness) are the processes of interaction of material entities. According to the materialist theory, spiritual or mental is a subclass of physical processes in brain; thinking is identical to brain processes. Considering the question of the nature of consciousness materialism exists in two main forms: reductive and eliminative. Reductive materialism views all mental states and properties as states and properties of human brain. For example, leg pain can be identified as a quite material process of “ignition” of certain neural tissue. Eliminative materialism goes even further replacing all mental processes with neurophysiological or brain ones. It is impossible to prove the materialist doctrine either theoretically or empirically. One must go beyond matter to make a statement about the whole matter, assuming that mind is inside matter, because it depends on it (according to the materialists). The idea of ??the whole matter must be logically out of matter and above it. Locke’s Theory of Personal Identity John Locke was one of the first scientists in Western philosophy to study the problem of personal identity, distinguishing human identity (the identity of continuously changing particles that join with same organism) and personal identity of a rational being, endowed with self-consciousness (according to Locke, the latter is close to memory). In this sense personality can be saved after changing physical substance. According Locke’s theory of identity people cannot be resurrected after death with numerically same bodies they had in life. Consciousness of a resurrected ...Show more


Descartes’ Substance Dualism Studying the problem of existence, Descartes tried to create a basic, fundamental concept that would characterize the essence of being. For this purpose the philosopher created the concept of substance. The substance is all that exists, and does not require the existence of anything but itself…
Author : qlindgren
Descrates Substance Dualism essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the admission/application essay on your topic
"Descrates' Substance Dualism"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Security in our community
In the year 2009/2010, Tempe campus had decreased incidents of burglary, aggravated assault, and motor vehicle robbery and theft. The report covers the following academic years from 2008 to 2010. However, during the academic year 2009/2010, Tempe experienced increased incidents of liquor law arrests, drug law arrests, larceny, arson, sex offenses, and theft.
5 pages (1250 words) Admission/Application Essay
Philosophy of the Mind
Student’s Name Course Tutor Date Philosophy of the Mind Introduction The topic of philosophy of the mind (dualism) which is referred to as soul has over the centuries been marred by controversy. The existence of the soul has been put to question and its relation with the body has also been put to scrutiny.
4 pages (1000 words) Admission/Application Essay
Reasons why marijuana should be declared illegal
One has to remember that even government regulated use of items like tobacco and alcohol still cause an almost untreatable addiction in some people. Therefore, there is no reason for the government to legalize a substance that already causes mental and health problems among its users in its illegal state.
3 pages (750 words) Admission/Application Essay
Artificial Intelligence
The field of artificial intelligence is at the head of that wave, trying to find a means by which to make machines capable of true thought. Once this achievement has been reached, many things will again change. However, the greatest challenge in this field has
6 pages (1500 words) Admission/Application Essay
Substance Dualism
Through this part, I shall shed light on the attributes of each substance, which reinforces the assumption that such substances deserve to be regarded as separate objects. The second part shall
8 pages (2000 words) Term Paper
Developmental and Environmental Risk Factors
These health risks are linked to nutrition, maternal depression, lead exposure, birth complications and even tobacco use during pregnancy and may increase the likelihood of the criminal behaviors among the juveniles. The other risk factor as proposed by Walsh and
2 pages (500 words) Admission/Application Essay
Against the legalization of marijuana
If the government has control over the substance, then the people can be protected from the addiction that arises from the constant use of the product. The funny thing is, these are the very same people who touted this belief when they lobbied for
3 pages (750 words) Admission/Application Essay
Reading with Dark Play, Deep Play, and the Carnivalesque
They celebrate the spring festival from the beginning of the first lunar month, first day. From the lens of Bakhtin’s carnivaslesque, he intended to display the extent of the society members’ motivation to operate in ritual
4 pages (1000 words) Admission/Application Essay
Statement of purpose
I believe with this kind of transformation I should be able to contribute to the wellbeing of people around me, the society and the entire national through the provisions of solutions to emerging problems.
3 pages (750 words) Admission/Application Essay
Read the book, power points and assignment, then answer the question. don't find more than 3 outside professional sources
Srikumar Rao suggests that avoidance of self-obsession, shunning of any attachment to outcomes and thoughts of how things could have been different is the way to happiness. Rao’s approach to happiness is Buddhist and serves
4 pages (1000 words) Admission/Application Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Admission/Application Essay on topic Descrates' Substance Dualism for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
  • About StudentShare

  • Testimonials

  • FAQ

  • Blog

  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays

  • The Newest Essay Topics
Join us:
Contact Us