According to the postulates of Epicurus, in the life of any human being, the only chief good in life is the pleasure that individuals attain from various thoughts, actions and experiences. It is thus in the virtue of individual pleasure that Epicurus advises people to ensure that they attain maximum enjoyment in life by achieving the most pleasurable moments and experiences. The living process must therefore be full of activities and thoughts which enable human beings to have a pleasurable living experience. Epicurus justifies this by saying that pleasure is the sole good (Koen 27). Regardless of the postulates that Epicurus gives on the virtue of pleasure, he also considers moderation in his philosophy. In this regard, Epicurus shows that in the pursuit of drawing pleasure out of life experiences, moderation or limits must be considered. It is through having limits or moderation in the derivation of pleasure that undue suffering is avoided. Such suffering is described by Epicurus as that which would emanate if there was overindulgence in the activities which give people pleasurable moments and feelings. It can be exemplified that the things which bring pleasure can also lead to pain if moderation in their consumption is not valued. For example people who overindulge in eating, though pleasurable, would lead to poor health and even medical conditions. Therefore, the teachings which Epicurus presents through his philosophy on pleasure enable individuals to value moderation in life activities and thus prevent experiencing unnecessary pain. It is thus evident that the ability of an individual to achieve pleasure is upon the choices which are made during the life processes. According to the philosophy of pleasure as put forward by Epicurus, pleasure exists in two distinct forms. There is static pleasure and moving pleasure (Fish 48). Static pleasure occurs in the process of satisfying one’s desires. For example hunger brings forth a desire for food. When an individual is enjoying a favorite meal, he or she is in a process of moving pleasure. During this kind of moving pleasure, there is activation and excitation of various sensory senses such as those of taste and smell for the delicious food. After the moving pleasure comes the static pleasure. After an individual finishes taking his or her favorite meal, there is a state of satiety which follows. This state is in itself pleasurable and is thus referred to static pleasure due to the fact that it is not an active process of satisfying one’s desires. In accordance to the postulates that Epicures puts across, static pleasure are in this regard the most pleasurable pleasures. Therefore, it is during static pleasure that an individual’s desires are fully satisfied. In the description of the static and moving pleasures, it is important to note that each of these types of pleasures would either be physical pleasures or pleasure of the mind (Koen 39). This means that in the pleasurable moments, an individual would experience pleasure within the physical form or within one’s mind. As prescribed by Epicurus, the pleasure of the mind is the kind of satisfaction of accomplished desires which emanates from the mind. On the other hand, physical pleasure is the kind of desire attainment which is expressed in the physical form. In the light of this differentiation, it is notable that pleasure of the mind is long lasting as compared to the physical pleasure (Fish 57). It is due to the above arguments that Epicurus argues that
Instructor Date The Virtue of Pleasure: Epicurus The virtue of pleasure is a philosophy which was postulated by Epicurus. In accordance to Epicurus, the need to satisfy one’s desires is the basis of the ethic or virtue of individual pleasure…
This research will attempt to examine how each philosopher's definition of political justice relates to other aspects of their philosophy, such as the metaphysical order of the universe. According to the research findings the three philosophers examined here arrived at different definitions of soul and justice using similar methods of logical reasoning.
For example, some men are prone to courage while others to temperance, which is natural. In addition, temperamental disposition of human beings to understand some things more than others is a natural virtue that arises from individual to individual. On the other hand, the acquired virtues are those virtues that aim for the public good.
In life, all moral or virtuous activities, which share these similar characteristics, are happy actions. According to Aristotle, there are two kinds of virtue: moral and intellectual virtue. According to Aristotle, a good life for human beings is the life that is active and working well in manner that are unique and significant to people.
Then, explain how this doctrine might be related to his claim in the Apology that "the unexamined life is not worth living". Protagoras is a dialogue by Plato, the main characters being Socrates and Protagoras. In the dialogue, Socrates suggests that human excellence amounts to the possession of wisdom.
Aristotle is on the side of virtue ethicists. Aristotle argues that moral virtue is about right emotion and right action. The moral individual is generally situated in the middle as regards both. Hence Aristotle explains the premise: the virtuous individual feels “both fear and confidence and appetite and anger and pity and in general pleasure and pain… at the right times, with reference to the right objects, towards the right people, with the right aim, and in the right way” (Broadie 100). Simply put, to have emotions that are controlled and nurtured at the aforementioned ways is a distinguishing feature of moral distinction.
Through all these factors, he developed philosophical theories that explained these aspects. As a result, below are the philosophical teachings and ideas that were put forward by Epicurus: Pleasure and pain - Pleasure and pain were referred to by Epicurus as characteristics of life; and life is made up of all that is good as well as all that is bad.
Why should we fear something that cannot give us any feeling Human life is deprived of immortality that is what makes it more enjoyable. A person does not fear death because it causes pain, it is the thought of death, which is painful, He says. When we are alive death is not there and when death comes we are not there so where is the good or bad feeling about death.
Why should we fear something that cannot give us any feeling? Human life is deprived of immortality that is what makes it more enjoyable. A person does not fear death because it causes pain, it is the thought of death, which is
As many writers have come out with the concept of what is happiness, Epicurus has his own philosophy of what and how to achieve happiness and be able to define the two major fears that could ruin the human soul as well as the
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