All Animals are Equal Peter Singer’s article argues that animals are equal to humans and should be treated as such. He compares the animal liberation movement to the gender and racial equality movements. Referencing a work of satire by philosopher Thomas Taylor, Singer argues that, like past movements for equal rights for women and equal rights for African-Americans, animals should be given similar equal rights as well because the arguments for the rights of animals and the arguments for the rights of gender & race are the virtually the same…
This is similar to what Martin Luther King Jr. argued for when he said that people should be judged by the content of their character and not by the color of their skin. Singer also argues that just because there exists certain factual differences between groups of people (i.e., women are generally physically weaker than men), that this doesn’t justify “any difference in the amount of consideration we give to their needs and interests” (1977). Singer then relates racism and sexism to a concept known as speciesism. Since racism means that a person believes their race is better than another race, and sexism means that a person believes their gender is superior to the opposite gender, speciesism similarly means that a person believes that humans are superior to animals and can therefore treat them as they please. Speciesism is therefore as morally wrong as racism and sexism. However, a person may ask, why should we treat animals with the same consideration and respect as humans if they can’t reason or talk? For the answer to this question, Singer points to a statement made by Jeremy Bentham, who wrote, “The question is not, can [animals] reason? Nor can they talk? But, can they suffer?” (1977). The fact that both humans and animals suffer, he believed, shows that both deserve to have their needs and interests considered. In this article, Singer argues that most humans are speciesists. By eating animals, we are using them for our own selfish ends and not considering the violation of rights which we have committed against that animal. If humans had to eat animals to survive that would be another matter, but since we are capable of getting the same nutritional value from things like vegetables and beans, humans usually only eat animals for pleasure. Singer argues that this is unnecessarily cruel and therefore morally wrong. He also writes that many scientific experiments involving animals are also wrong because of they are cruel and the animals are often killed. Here, he says, the benefits to mankind from many of these studies do not outweigh the costs of the inflicting pain on and the killing of animals. Speciesism and the Idea of Equality Although Bonnie Steinbock also writes that we should give consideration to animal suffering, she refutes Singer’s claim that animals and humans have equal rights. But Steinbock does not focus on animal rights in her article because she argues that even if people and animals don’t have equal rights, that doesn’t mean we are justified in treating them poorly. For instance, pulling on a cat’s tail is wrong not because cats have equal rights, but because doing so is simply a morally wrong and cruel action intended to hurt another sentient creature. Of course, Steinbock argues, unnecessary cruelty toward animals in wrong. Yet she could see certain scientific experiments involving animals as justifiable and not morally wrong. If an animal experiment saves human lives, for example, she argues that such an experiment is morally justifiable. She also writes that it is not reasonable to say that animals and ...
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(“All Animal Rights Are Equal Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
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(All Animal Rights Are Equal Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“All Animal Rights Are Equal Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/philosophy/67917-animal-rights.
It seems that he sees these as a violation of human philosophy concerning the invalidity of discrimination. The error in Singer’s argument is that he groups all animals into one category of “non-human” and states that they need to be protected from human discrimination, which neglects to address the issue of animals violating the hypothetical quality and rights of one another.
The animal rights should be comprehensive and should be implemented just like those for their intelligent companions. Their comprehensiveness would be justified when they would cover the ethical treatment of animals, safeguard their interests, promote their welfare and shun animal cruelty.
Most people accept that animals may be used for purposes beneficial to them but, they are obliged to treat animals with decency. However, there are those who believe that animals have equal rights as those of human beings and entirely reject any use of animals whether for food or otherwise.
These laws that give protection to animal rights also govern the treatment which animals are projected to in medical research and slaughter for human consumption. Advocates have presented different approaches on animal rights. There is the protectionist side that looks at treatment of animals.
France was first to utilize the phenomenon of nationalism. According to Mill, as quoted in Smith (2010, p.9) “Nationalism is a necessary condition of free institutions that the boundaries of government should coincide in the main with those of nationality .
One of the leading U.S. Supreme Court cases applicable to the instant case is the Regents of the University of California v. Bakke case (1978). Bakke has been occasionally revisited by the Supreme Court (Gratz v. Bollinger (2003) and Grutter v. Bollinger (2003).
Stuart Mill draws our attention towards the basis of the gender discrimination. Our society has the system of jobs in various sectors that is totally biased in the favor of men. In every company, you will find women working under men who are holding important positions in the management.
Human beings tend to overlook the point that the general human race form pargt and parcel of the animals in the globe. The inflictions of pain, subject to stress, or even murder in the name of research are all
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