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[Author’s Name] [Tutor’s Name] [Class] 19 June 2012 Soul The relationship of body and soul is one of the fundamental questions in philosophy. Since the earliest times, the humanity sought to explain the presence (or absence) of metaphysical substances and the role they play in individual lives.
Plato’s Phaedo and Descartes’ Meditations have the potential to clarify these issues. Both works emphasize the immortality and inseparability of soul from body and suggest that the presence of thinking capabilities is just enough for an individual to exist. Consequently, it is possible to assume that Lieutenant Commander Data does have a soul, as long as it is inseparable from his essence and being and manifests through his ability to think critically about the world. Plato’s Phaedo is rightly considered as one of the most famous philosophic dialogues about the nature of the human being and the place of soul in it. Plato’s philosophy of the human nature and soul is quite straightforward: there is no separation of soul and body, and even death does not break this relationship. Plato asserts that the truth of life is in the way humans hear or see it, as both sight and hearing are the two accurate witnesses of the actual acquirement of knowledge. “And thought is best when the mind is gathered into herself and none of these things trouble her – neither sounds nor sights nor pain nor any pleasure – when she has as little as possible to do with the body” (Plato). ...
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