Ethics in Book IV of Plato’s Republic

Ethics in Book IV of Plato’s Republic  Essay example
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Philosophy
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This paper helps to provide an insight into few questions that may raise themselves like whether or not the sole purpose of an individual should be to make their souls ‘perfect’ or to work on their outward characteristics towards other people living within society…

Introduction

Book IV of Plato’s Republic presents an excellent selection of ideas with respect to morality and behaviour of a human being with regard to his soul. Through Plato’s dialogues, the idea of justice has been presented very well as justice has been written as “A political arrangement in which each person plays the appropriate role.” Every man within society has been given a role or a part to play as per what he can do best. Each individual has a duty to serve society and he has been given the role of doing so in the best manner possible by way of the contribution that he can make.

Doing good deeds is the moral birthright of each and every person residing within society. This is because each man is dependent on others around him and is able to live because of the relationships that he creates. However, there are certain actions that each man must be able to carry out like keeping a good and sound moral character. According to a number of philosophers, it has been pointed out that it does not only pay enough to have a moral or sound character on the outside; in fact it is very important to have a clean and pure soul. Many people tend to be ‘good’ on the outside and forget what is true to them within themselves.

Certain terms like justice, morality and soundness are very important for people to exist in coherence and peace with each other within society. Sometimes, having an “outward behaviour” in order to portray a moral character is not plausible because it might turn people against an individual. In Plato’s Republic, justice has been spoken about in various aspects. ...
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