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In this 3-paged paper Gettier challenged the classic theory of knowledge which defines knowledge as ‘justified true belief’. Gettier presented two cases in which subjects achieve the justified true belief, but fail to recognize it, proving that knowledge varies from justified true belief. …
Since the late 1960s, many theories and solutions have been proposed by philosophers and experts in the field of epistemology, but none of them could provide flawless solution. According to the Gilbert Harman’s solution, interpretation from the false belief leads to the preclusion of knowledge to Getter’s subjects. In the Gettier’s Ford case, the reasoning about someone’s ownership of Ford in the office proceeds through a false belief that Jones owns the car. So according to Harman’s solution, knowledge is justified true belief where the interpretation of belief doesn’t proceed through false step. But, suppose Jones was cleaning a Ford and whistling the Ford advertising jingle. Based on it, Smith concluded that someone in the office was waxing a Ford and whistling the Ford jingle. This belief was true. Further, on the basis of justified belief, Smith concluded that someone in the office owned a Ford which is true as Sam, a new employer, owned that car. Though here belief didn’t proceed through any false steps, it failed to consider as knowledge. Similar to Harman, various other solutions such as, Zagzebski’s solution, Greco’s solution, Sosa’s solution, infallibilism, and contextualism tried to respond to the problem by presenting their own theories, modifying the present conditions, replacing or adding new conditions in it. ...
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