StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Problem of Evil - Essay Example

Extract of sample
The Problem of Evil

However, this world is filled with things beyond evil and people do feel pain and suffering, which contradicts the claims of orthodox theist that God is perfectly good. This conflict is called problem of evil. Is God willing to prevent evil, but not able? Then is He impotent. Is He able, but not willing? Then is He malevolent. Is He both able and willing? Whence then is evil? (Hume) In an attempt to unravel the complexities of this predicament, few queries must be made. Evil goes beyond what we do not want other people to do to us. According to Hick, there are two classifications of evil. First, the moral evil which includes those acts an individual or group may be responsible of such as the seven deadly sins and more. Second type is the natural evil. Pain and suffering brought by natural calamities which people has no control over. Although the line which separates the two is still blurry, since some natural evil are consequences of human actions or lack of action. Nevertheless, we cannot deny the fact that there are things beyond our control ----- accidents and natural disasters. Evil is often associated with suffering which highlights an individual’s sense of pain or loss that focuses on a particular kind of evil: one which is considered as a consequence of an act rather than a more abstract concept. Thus arise another confusion which is the existence of hell ----- a place where God put those who have failed Him to rot and suffer; because this very notion contradicts the idea of a loving God. Augustinian theodicy argues that God is wholly good, thus He’s not responsible for the existence of evil in the world. It claims that evil is not the opposite; rather it is the absence of good. According to this theodicy, evil happens as a result of people’s misuse of their free will, therefore exonerating God and putting the blame of all evil and suffering to people who abuse their free will. This particular claim of Augustinian theodicy makes the subject more baffling, for it puts all the blame to the ‘finitely perfect’ being, that is us humans, who fails to choose perfection, hence shifting the blame back to the Creator. Moreover, the term ‘privation’ is inadequate justification for the apparent effects of evil in its truest sense. Then comes the knowledge of evolution ---- a process by which humans, being the most complex creatures, learn to adapt and grow in accordance with its environment. This is the claim of Irenaean theodicy which is restated by John Hick on his Soul-making theodicy. Hick defines soul-making as the existence of evil and suffering which allows flawed creatures to outgrow their imperfections and develop to a more perfect state. It emphasizes on the development by practicing free will, people are able to overcome temptations and suffering hence bringing them closer to perfection and to God. Unlike that of the Augustinians which give much stress on the negativity of the existence of evil, Irenaean theodicy puts God in an epistemic distance from us. It explains that this distance is meant for us to learn to love God on our own free-will by prevailing over all the difficulties He places on our path as we journey through life. Evil is created by God to hone the inner values we have, for some ideals need to go through some difficulties to develop like that of courage and forgiveness amidst suffering. This theodicy believes that individuals evolve towards a higher state by ...Show more

Summary

The Problem of Evil If God is perfectly good, then He must want to prevent evil. If God is all-powerful, then He can prevent evil. Evil does exist. Hence, it’s either God is not almighty or He is not morally perfect, or He’s neither both. The existence of evil in our world challenges people’s belief in the existence of a perfect God…
Author : bernhardmaude
The Problem of Evil essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Problem of Evil"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Does the Problem of Evil Provide a Defeater for the Existence of God
In the Judaeo-Christian tradition the existence of a personal God who is absolutely good is a central tenet. He is also absolutely powerful, and the first cause of everything that exists because he created the world out of nothing.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
The Problem of Evil in a Divinely Created Reality
People are praying to him to release them from pain and suffering and they believe that their faith or God helps them. Animals feel pain and suffering as well, but they cannot pray. Unlike human creatures, there was no a dog-Eve, which ate an apple of discord.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Problem of Evil
The Logical Argument Logical problem consists in the consideration that the existence of evil human beings experience questions the existence of the perfect God (Michael 320). This is because some people ask why God permits various bad and horrible things to happen.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
The problem of evil
This paper explores the concept of the problem of evil. The problem of evil arises from the scope of nature that identifies conflicting theories in existence of evil. This is because a consideration of the nature of God and His power should not allow evil to prevail, or should at least be able to eliminate evil.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
The problem of evil
It is therefore particularly difficult to understand the existence of evil, a rebellious force against God’s plans, and His creation, in an environment in which God’s power is believed to be supreme. It is for example expected that as light drives away darkness, God’s power eliminate evil.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
The Problem of Evil
However, considering the extent and aptitude of suffering evident in the world, there is need to determine whether it results from inhumanity or natural disaster (Kibler, 2004). Nonetheless, there is not ample evidence to approve or disapprove that God exist.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Philosophy- The Problem of Evil
d may be ethereal and unique to every individual yet there are more common factors in a definition of God across religions and cultures as compared to a definition of evil. Moreover, even the existence of evil leads to debate, since there are those who suggest that a benevolent
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Does the Problem of Evil Provide a Defeater for the Existence of God
According to the report the Judaeo-Christian tradition the existence of a personal God who is absolutely good is a central tenet. He is absolutely powerful, and the first cause of everything that exists because he created the world out of nothing. Theologians noted that the scriptures of this religious tradition speak in quite strong terms of the existence of evil.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
The Problem of Evil
There are people with numerous doubts, but others hold on to their faith in God. The paper establishes a discussion of the topic though a description, analysis and evaluation of arguments by
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
The problem with evil
To logically prove the existence of God, we will use the four different forms of the argument from evil: argument from imperfection, argument from natural evil, argument from moral evil, and argument from unbelief. According to
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation