powers of atoms) of what is to be explained. Answer True False Question 4 According to Hempel: Scientific explanation is causal explanation. Answer True False Question 5 According to Hempel: In the Deductive-Nomological (D-N) model of explanation, the explanans must include statements of initial conditions. Answer True False Question 6 According to Hempel: The fact that the explanations scientists actually give often do not satisfy Hempel’s criteria for adequate D-N or Inductive-Statistical (I-S) explanation is a strong criticism of Hempel’s D-N and I-S models of scientific explanation. Answer True False Question 7 According to Cartwright: Fundamental explanatory scientific laws, like the law of gravity, describe how bodies actually behave. Answer True False Question 8 According to Cartwright, component “forces” are not real forces at all because they do not have effects; only net or “resultant” forces have effects. Answer True False Question 9 According to Cartwright, the only way scientific laws can be used to explain is if they are restricted to very narrow categories of events and objects because only so restricted are the laws true. Answer True False PART 2 Scientific laws do not describe true facts about reality As technology advances scientists come up with theories which tend to describe occasions and occurrences of the real world. These assumptions and estimates date back since the invention of science. Many scientists have come up theories and assumptions which have also find their way into scholarly books. This boosts the continuity of the theories generation after generation. Scientific laws are viewed as the reason as to why the globe is evolving in to a new planet of inventions. However, questions are asked as to whether these laws are real or just what are forced to believe. According to Cullen as much as there are errors involved in coming up with scientific theories, people tend to completely believe scientific inventions (67). The essay will provide insight as to why scientific laws do not describe true facts about reality. Scientific laws include the application of many formulae. As is it proven no human being can be 100 percent efficient and accurate. As scientist come up come with these formulae there is an obvious assumption that some errors and estimates are included in the invention of scientific laws. The estimates and errors are evidence that the assumptions displayed by scientific laws mat not provide the accurate facts about reality. According to Godfrey-Smith if a theory or law is based on assumptions there is always a probability that the law cannot be completely accurate (102). If the laws were based on facts rather than scientific assumptions, it would be logic to argue on the fact that scientists are accurate in their findings (Hempel, 211). In an argument by Rosenberg he argues that scientific explanation is casual explanation (94). There is not much evidence of formal or completely proven explanations. Science only tries to explain already existing phenomena with laws invented from results. It is for this reason that it becomes evident that any formula can be applied to come up with known result. This case can be compared to a person given an answer to arithmetic then asked to come up with a formula. This becomes easy as any assumption can be
Instructor Date PART 1 Scientific laws do not describe true facts about reality Question 1 According to Carnap: If the concept of “magnetism” is accepted as having explanatory power despite its being unobservable, Dreisch’s concept of “entelechy” should be accepted as having explanatory power despite its being unobservable…
The Scientific Revolution: A Paradigm Shift from Miracles to Facts. It is easy to dismiss something which one makes no effort to understand. Throughout the middle ages, understanding was undoubtedly sought with reference to God, religion, and the natural world.
A media critic named George Gerbner states that “what we see on TV and in magazines eventually becomes our standard of reality and desire.” Obviously, this observation of Gerbner is very much clear and apparent in our generation today. Media is a very powerful tool in influencing, controlling, and informing the society about the recent developments, any news or any showbiz news.
A cakewalk, till the day the "hard facts" of life were thrust on me! I remember having a carefree childhood, cushioned in the warm, caring love of my parents and elder sister. Being the younger child, and a chubby one with dimples to go with my naturally good looks, I was the apple of everyone's eye.
We can consider that a distributed computing system is composed of numerous self-governing machines that do not share main memory; however this system works together through transmitting data and messages over a data transfer and communication
often do not satisfy Hempel’s criteria for adequate D-N or Inductive-Statistical (I-S) explanation is a strong criticism of Hempel’s D-N and I-S models of scientific explanation.
As technology advances scientists come up with theories which tend to describe occasions and
ystem plus its environment can not decrease; it can remain constant for a reversible process but must always increase for an irreversible process” (NASA, nd).
Understanding the laws of thermodynamic can lead to conversion and energy efficiency by the converting one form
On the other hand, scientific process concentrates on the actual events or processes of coming up with a reliable model of happenings in the real world. It entails scientists coming up with a model that is accurate on the happenings of particular events in the
1 pages (250 words)Essay
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