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Scientific laws do not describe true facts bout reality - Essay Example

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Scientific laws do not describe true facts bout reality

powers of atoms) of what is to be explained. Answer True False Question 4 According to Hempel: Scientific explanation is causal explanation. Answer True False Question 5 According to Hempel: In the Deductive-Nomological (D-N) model of explanation, the explanans must include statements of initial conditions. Answer True False Question 6 According to Hempel: The fact that the explanations scientists actually give often do not satisfy Hempel’s criteria for adequate D-N or Inductive-Statistical (I-S) explanation is a strong criticism of Hempel’s D-N and I-S models of scientific explanation. Answer True False Question 7 According to Cartwright: Fundamental explanatory scientific laws, like the law of gravity, describe how bodies actually behave. Answer True False Question 8 According to Cartwright, component “forces” are not real forces at all because they do not have effects; only net or “resultant” forces have effects. Answer True False Question 9 According to Cartwright, the only way scientific laws can be used to explain is if they are restricted to very narrow categories of events and objects because only so restricted are the laws true. Answer True False PART 2 Scientific laws do not describe true facts about reality As technology advances scientists come up with theories which tend to describe occasions and occurrences of the real world. These assumptions and estimates date back since the invention of science. Many scientists have come up theories and assumptions which have also find their way into scholarly books. This boosts the continuity of the theories generation after generation. Scientific laws are viewed as the reason as to why the globe is evolving in to a new planet of inventions. However, questions are asked as to whether these laws are real or just what are forced to believe. According to Cullen as much as there are errors involved in coming up with scientific theories, people tend to completely believe scientific inventions (67). The essay will provide insight as to why scientific laws do not describe true facts about reality. Scientific laws include the application of many formulae. As is it proven no human being can be 100 percent efficient and accurate. As scientist come up come with these formulae there is an obvious assumption that some errors and estimates are included in the invention of scientific laws. The estimates and errors are evidence that the assumptions displayed by scientific laws mat not provide the accurate facts about reality. According to Godfrey-Smith if a theory or law is based on assumptions there is always a probability that the law cannot be completely accurate (102). If the laws were based on facts rather than scientific assumptions, it would be logic to argue on the fact that scientists are accurate in their findings (Hempel, 211). In an argument by Rosenberg he argues that scientific explanation is casual explanation (94). There is not much evidence of formal or completely proven explanations. Science only tries to explain already existing phenomena with laws invented from results. It is for this reason that it becomes evident that any formula can be applied to come up with known result. This case can be compared to a person given an answer to arithmetic then asked to come up with a formula. This becomes easy as any assumption can be ...Show more

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Instructor Date PART 1 Scientific laws do not describe true facts about reality Question 1 According to Carnap: If the concept of “magnetism” is accepted as having explanatory power despite its being unobservable, Dreisch’s concept of “entelechy” should be accepted as having explanatory power despite its being unobservable…
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