Scientific laws do not describe true facts bout reality

Scientific laws do not describe true facts bout reality Essay example
College
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Download 0
Name Course Instructor Date PART 1 Scientific laws do not describe true facts about reality Question 1 According to Carnap: If the concept of “magnetism” is accepted as having explanatory power despite its being unobservable, Dreisch’s concept of “entelechy” should be accepted as having explanatory power despite its being unobservable…

Introduction

powers of atoms) of what is to be explained. Answer True False Question 4 According to Hempel: Scientific explanation is causal explanation. Answer True False Question 5 According to Hempel: In the Deductive-Nomological (D-N) model of explanation, the explanans must include statements of initial conditions. Answer True False Question 6 According to Hempel: The fact that the explanations scientists actually give often do not satisfy Hempel’s criteria for adequate D-N or Inductive-Statistical (I-S) explanation is a strong criticism of Hempel’s D-N and I-S models of scientific explanation. Answer True False Question 7 According to Cartwright: Fundamental explanatory scientific laws, like the law of gravity, describe how bodies actually behave. Answer True False Question 8 According to Cartwright, component “forces” are not real forces at all because they do not have effects; only net or “resultant” forces have effects. Answer True False Question 9 According to Cartwright, the only way scientific laws can be used to explain is if they are restricted to very narrow categories of events and objects because only so restricted are the laws true. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

A true Picture of Happiness
Narrow hedonism does not consider the preference or desire of a person in regards to happiness (Mill, 2008,p.123). It considers that pleasures are common to everyone and hence, ignores the desire of a person. However, the pain and pleasure experiences vary according to desires in human beings and hence, narrow hedonism fails to include the wider aspects of happiness. Preference hedonism refuses…
The Notion of True Belief
This paper will begin with a brief introduction to some of the crucial, but general aspects of the author’s position, and in turn, proceed to a more pointed discussion of the nature of the notion of belief, according to Audi. According to Audi, the notion of ‘belief’ can loosely be translated as opinion or belief, and it is a term which comes from the Ancient Greek. To claim, or to maintain…
Reasons for Truth and Reality
Reason per se has its own reason for being. Through the process of reasoning, we are able to understand the things and events around us. We may be different in our levels of intellect but we are all the same rational beings. Since the beginning of time, the thinking and free man is perpetually in search for truth and the ways to know the truth once it has been found. We are all seekers of truth…
Appearance and Reality
These two aspects are normative and positive respectively and a number of philosophers like Locke, Berkeley and Descartes have written about them as their main areas of focus in order to decipher what is appearing to be and what actually is in reality. This paper helps to provide an insight into the realms of appearance and reality with respect to the works of the above mentioned philosophers and…
Appearance and Reality
To start with, he considers light falling on the table and its distribution. He suggests that different people looking at the same table will actually see a different thing altogether depending on the angle of look and position with which they stand. He explains further that the two people will have different account of what they see, and the initial table will have a different “meaning”…
Scientific Revolution
Therefore, the important figures of the development of scientific thinking appear to be the colleagues, who worked on common range of problems and were guided by the same set of rules. The detailed analysis of scientific history and philosophy found an extremely distorted and romanticized picture of the actual situation. It turned out that the history of science was not as straightforward as it…
The Language of Reality
Beyond elementary semantic structures numerous sub-layers of meaning and communication exist to both enrich and complicate the way in which we interact and express our ideas and emotions. It is not what we say, but how we say it. The world of artificial intelligence and its struggle to embrace the complexities of everyday communication shows just how interdependent language, external cultural…