Abstract Entities in Semantics

Abstract Entities in Semantics Essay example
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The paper will explore the arguments presented by Rudolf Carnap on the consideration of abstract entities in semantics in his works.Next, I will discuss the rules that an expression must meet for it to be considered as an abstract reality.


Abstract entities refer to objects that do not occupy space but are perceived to have distinct existences. Some examples of abstract entities are properties, numbers, classes and relations. I will also discuss the implications of including abstract realities in semantics. Finally, the paper will give a personal analysis of Carnap works. The concern on the use of abstract entities in semantics comes from the two divergent views held by semanticists. One group of semanticists; especially those inclined to science hold that some expressions refer to entities including both concrete materials and abstract entities. Concrete materials refer to tangible objects such as trees. However, other semanticists oppose such a view and argue that such a perspective goes against the principles of empiricism and takes semantics back to the “Metaphysical Ontology of the Platonic Kind” (Carnap 242). By saying that such a perspective takes semantics to “Metaphysical of the Platonic Kind” implies that the approach reduces semantics to imitation where semantics can only refer to observable objects. The paper will therefore explore the best approach that may used in inclusion of abstract entities into semantics and avert a controversy as one brought out by Carnap. It will be achieved by first discussing linguistic frameworks, numbers as abstract realities and the implication of accepting a new kind of entities. ...
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