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Ethical Issues on Abortion - Term Paper Example

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Ethical Issues on Abortion

It is noted, however, that Christians are the most affected since they view abortion as an act of killing which is against the Biblical teachings. Catholics are seen as being at the forefront in trying to raise objections to abortion since they are pro-life crusaders’. The ethical issues on abortion not only affect centered on religion and politics but also on the clinical profession (Clark and Rakestraw1995, P. 26-29). This is because it impacts on the work performance of clinicians in making decisions as to whether to carry out abortion on the patient or not. The purpose of this paper is to discuss ethical issue regarding abortion. It will how discuss how best the ethics of abortion can be responded to both socially and politically. The paper will conclude by identifying what practical lifestyle actions I might take to limit my susceptibility to, and my participation in, the morally problematic behaviors that my lead to abortion. Abortion in America became legal in every state after the 1973 Supreme Court’s ruling in a case of Roe v. Wade (Hinman 2009, p. 6-8). It is reported that prior to this landmark ruling, the legality of abortion was decided by each state. During this period, abortion was illegal in 20 states but illegal in 30 states. The Supreme Court ruling in Roe V. Wade established that “the right of personal privacy includes the abortion decision, but that right is not unqualified, and must be considered against important state interests in regulation” (Hinman 2009, p5). This decision indeed did not go well with the pro-life crusaders mainly drawn from religious leaders in the US that saw the ruling to undermine the sanctity of life, which is against the biblical teaching. Since the time of this ruling, several cases of abortion have been reported in many states according to Center for Disease Control and Alan Guttmacher Institute Statistics precipitating ethical questions. For instance, data collected by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) in 2000 reveals that more than 1.31 million abortions occurred. This figure was however, a reduction in comparison with the 1996 statistics in which 1.36 abortion cases were reported. The data also reveals that more that 39 million legal abortions took place from 1973 to 2000 and that every year, 2 out of 100 women aged between 15-44 years have an abortion, 48% of which have at least one previous abortion. Alan Guttmacher Institute Statistics estimates that about 43% of women in the U.S. will have procured one abortion, at least, by the time they reach 45 years as noted by Hinman (2009, p. 15-22). Most arguments on abortion ethics focus mainly on whether the fetus is a person or not (Clark and Rakestraw1995, P. 36-38). Pro-life crusaders argue that the beginning of life is at conception and therefore abortion is unacceptable. They belief that once a child has been conceived in the womb, that child is a human being and has the right to life just like other human beings. They view termination of a pregnancy as a violation of a child’s sanctity to life. The Roman Catholics that form the majority of pro-life movement teaches mainly the sanctity of human life, which begins at conception to natural death, and thus rejects abortion and all forms of murder. The evangelical Christians such as Pastor Joel C. Hunter from Florida and other evangelical Church alliances once released a statement persuading congress members not to violate the sanctity of h ...Show more

Summary

Ethical Issues on Abortion Name Institution Ethical Issues on Abortion Top evangelical leaders in the US have singled out abortion as the greatest moral issue facing US currently. Abortion by definition refers to the termination of pregnancy before the foetus becomes viable (Clark and Rakestraw1995, P…
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