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Ontological Argument criticism by Kant "Critique of Pure Reason" - Essay Example

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Author : spenceraurelio

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Immanuel Kant’s objections to the ontological argument in the 'Critique of Pure Reason', published in 1781 played an integral role in changing of thinking and philosophy. He was fascinated with the skeptical drawings that ensued from Hume’s premises…

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Ontological Argument criticism by Kant "Critique of Pure Reason"

Kant vehemently reaffirmed the intelligibility of the world as demonstrated by common sense and science. He has had immense influence in the world of philosophy and continues to be a great source of inspiration for all. Despite rejecting some of his core ideas, the subsequent generation that lived under German idealism has widely adopted his work. His prime objection was that existence is not a predicate. The foundation of the ontological argument was the existence of a God that is greater than a God who does not exist. Thus, the very foundation was baffling and questionable. Kant advocated that existence could not possess or lack properties and, therefore, it is not a predicate. His criticism fundamentally targeted Descartes and Leibniz. Kant drew a clear line of distinction between analytic and synthetic judgments. Analytic judgment denotes a predicate that conveys a point that is already a part of the concept, and, therefore, it constitutes a tautology. On the other hand, in a synthetic judgment, the predicate implies a point not already contained in the concept, and, therefore, it expresses new knowledge. ...
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