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Topic: Viktor Frankl professes to have been influenced by both existentialism and psychoanalysis, but not Marxism.
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Schools of Thought that Influenced Viktor Frankl Viktor Frankl is one of the most well-known existential psychologists, as well as one of the most active and influential in the 20th century. He called his own psychoanalytic method “logotherapy”, based on the Greek works logos, which is denoted as “meaning” (Frankl 104).
The connections of religious ideas to the school of logotherapy made this concept much more in touch with the spirituality of humans, rather than the biological. Thus, the search of the meaning of living and getting healed by this search was the strong position of the school of logotherapy (Sapp 145) It was in Frankl’s reflections during the time that he was held in concentration camps that he was able to observe which prisoners would be expected to survive longer. Those who had many reasons to keep on living were more likely to work harder in staying alive, compared to those who do not have any clear and solid visions of the future (Frankl 109). He was thus able to conclude that contrary to most psychoanalytic and philosophical ideas of putting more emphasis on the self, it is the struggling and striving for the worthwhile goal that gives meaning and stability to a person (Frankl 109). This is very much in contrast with Freud, Sartre, and even Marx’s ideas as to what would keep a person and the society stable. ...
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