In "A Theory of Justice", John Rawls

In "A Theory of Justice", John Rawls Essay example
College
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 6 (1506 words)
Download 0
A Theory of Justice The nature of justice has been considered since at least Greek antiquity. Philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle contributed significantly to this area of investigation. Throughout the centuries other thinkers have added insights. Notably, John Stuart Mille advanced the notion of utilitarianism where the proper approach is to advance one’s happiness, while refraining from doing harm…

Introduction

..no one knows his place in society, his class position or social status; nor does he know his fortune in the distribution of natural assets and abilities, his intelligence and strength, and the like” (Rawls, p. 118). The individual is then tasked with designing a society with this understanding in mind. As a means of carrying out Rawl’s veil of ignorance, this essay proposes what sorts of principles I would propose for this new society. Additionally, the essay considers what guarantees people would have, and what values would be most important to create and preserve. After considering the veil of ignorance one of the overarching considerations of this new society is the need to ensure that it offers fair opportunities to all citizens. As a means of achieving this society there necessarily must be a radical reimagining of the way that the country is structured. Currently society is organized a capitalist democratic model. In this way the primary means of achieving income are through capitalizing on one’s strengths to as great a degree as possible. The pervading logic in this approach to life is that individuals who work the hardest will correspondingly be given the most opportunities and success. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

"Theory of Justice" by John Rawl
Michaels challenge is not perfect and it also has errors, his critique of Rawls is not as wrong as he assumes. He claims that Rawls theory is weak for presupposing an already existing community whose values and concerns are inherent in individuals reasoning therefore Rawls cannot claim that his principles of justice are a result of serious thought by independent individuals who have no specific…
Rawls's Theory of Distributive Justice
Rawls’s theory has an historical root from social contract tradition that is associated with Thomas John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Traditional social contract theory addresses a state of nature that describes the content of a social contract which is an agreement to enter civil society. Distributive justice deals with the questions of distribution of liberties, wealth, and income (Rawls,…
Social Contract Theory by John Rawls
Social contract theory gives a suggestion of a simple first step in assessing the ethical values that human beings can use to build a just society (Freeman 44). In this case, it elaborates that, people should assume that they do not know their race, age, wealth, intelligence, and gender among other things. This paper will seek to explain, evaluate, and describe the important features of the social…
The Conception of International Justice
It was revised and translated in both 1975 and 1999 but was originally published in 1971. In this theory, Rawls tries to find a solution on the issue of distributive justice by utilization of the social contract. This theory results in the formation of another theory known as Justice as Fairness, which deals with the difference principle and liberty principle (Freeman 2007, p. 10). Justice as…
Critically evaluate John Rawls claim in political liberalism to justify Justice as Fairness as a political conception.
In liberalism, the individual, which is the moral and ethical foundation in which it is established, asserts that it is under democracy, “the whole force of the community, the person and goods of every associate, and by means of which each, uniting with all, nevertheless obeys only himself, and remains as free as before” (Rousseau 1989 bk 1 ch 6). As such, the free, rational, and autonomous…
Rawls A theory of Justice
He questions, is there any system to arrange society, which can keep these issues within tolerable limits And can a social system be organized on just and fair standard that it becomes acceptable to the bulk of population.…
RawlsS Theory of Justice
More specifically, Rawls, influenced by such liberal and legal theorists as Isaiah Berlin and Herbert L. A. Hart, is widely known as the author of the almost revolutionary work "A Theory of Justice" (1971) in which he erased disciplinary lines and elaborated views which resurrected the academic interest to political philosophy. In fact, Rawls obtained the unique position among modern political…