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In "A Theory of Justice", John Rawls
Pages 6 (1506 words)
A Theory of Justice The nature of justice has been considered since at least Greek antiquity. Philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle contributed significantly to this area of investigation. Throughout the centuries other thinkers have added insights. Notably, John Stuart Mille advanced the notion of utilitarianism where the proper approach is to advance one’s happiness, while refraining from doing harm.
..no one knows his place in society, his class position or social status; nor does he know his fortune in the distribution of natural assets and abilities, his intelligence and strength, and the like” (Rawls, p. 118). The individual is then tasked with designing a society with this understanding in mind. As a means of carrying out Rawl’s veil of ignorance, this essay proposes what sorts of principles I would propose for this new society. Additionally, the essay considers what guarantees people would have, and what values would be most important to create and preserve. After considering the veil of ignorance one of the overarching considerations of this new society is the need to ensure that it offers fair opportunities to all citizens. As a means of achieving this society there necessarily must be a radical reimagining of the way that the country is structured. Currently society is organized a capitalist democratic model. In this way the primary means of achieving income are through capitalizing on one’s strengths to as great a degree as possible. The pervading logic in this approach to life is that individuals who work the hardest will correspondingly be given the most opportunities and success. ...
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