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the essential characteristics of loving
Pages 6 (1506 words)
Student Name Professor Name Philosophy 5 November 2012 The Essential Characteristics of Loving The writings of the philosophers that are analyzed in this paper have at least one thing in common. They all are aimed to criticize the present society if not to change it.
Consequently, they do not idealize it but rather assess the state of erotic relationships as such in (their) present condition and make the remarks about potential changes. Sigmund Freud is troubled by the level of neurosis in his contemporaries. Though he emphasizes his neutrality as a physician (“On the Universal Tendency to Debasement in the Sphere of Love” 6), the very nature of his text is performative: they are too rich in anecdotes, interesting cases, and witty quotes to be called totally neutral. According to Freud, present society is on the third level of restriction of sexuality: it controls even those sexual activities that are intended for procreation only (“Civilized’ Sexual Morality and Modern Nervousness” 6). This is dangerous, because in this situation: (1) individual libidinal characteristics (that often differ from the societal demands) are ignored and (2) every man and woman is being torn apart by 2 contradictory yet inescapable desires. One of them is the need of appreciation from fellow human beings, which is impossible when the sexual behavior of an individual is considered inappropriate. Another one is an instinct that Freud associates with love. In “Civilized’ Sexual Morality and Modern Nervousness”, the founder of psychoanalysis describes sexual instinct as almost a living creature that is innate in every human. ...
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