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Universal Truth and Psychology Your Name Name of Course Name of Professor Date of Submission Universal Truth and Psychology The philosophy of the self is a very important aspect of psychology. To understand this philosophy better, it is important that one traces the history of this idea…
This paper shall look at the history of this discourse and attempt to trace the individuality that is ascribed to human beings by Western philosophical thought and the discourses of humanism that have shaped the very notions of the self and the other. One can also read into these the notions of the self and the other that came into being as a result of the humanist movements of the Renaissance. The paper shall also look at the distinction between the mind and the body, as was propounded by Rene Descartes. These developments shall be looked into during the course of this paper. The developments that happened in this area have been significant in the development of later theories of the self and the unconscious, especially as they were articulated by the psychoanalysts like Sigmund Freud. Plato’s concept of the self revolved around the notion of the division of the self into the rational, the spirit and the appetitive (Campbell, n.d.). This was accompanied by a privileging of the spirit. According to Plato, there was the level of the idea and the level of the material that needed to be addressed while analyzing the self and its relation to the rest of the cosmos. Everything on the earth had an equivalent in the realm of the idea. For instance, a table on the earth has an equivalent at the level of the idea. ...
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