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Assignment Handout for 2:critical exposition of an argument - Essay Example
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Exposition and Critical Evaluation of Aquinas’ Cosmological Argument Name Subject Teacher Date Exposition and Critical Evaluation of Aquinas’ Cosmological Argument Thomas Aquinas, the 13th century philosopher, Catholic saint and doctor of the Catholic Church proved God’s existence through five cosmological proofs which he did through logic…
Exposition Aquinas’ cosmological argument begins with an objection that concludes that God does not exist, and this is followed by the contention that there is no need to suppose God’s existence because everything is simply human reason or will. However, Aquinas quotes from the Book of Exodus in the Bible a statement that contradicts the first two conclusions. He then supports such contradicting statement with five proofs of God’s existence. The first objection to the question “Whether God Exists?” concludes that God does not exist: 1) Par. 1: God is infinite goodness; 2) Par. 1: If God existed, there would be no evil discoverable; 3) Par. 1: There is evil in the world; 4) Par. 1: God does not exist (Aquinas, 1998, p. 126). The first objection presents a negative answer to the question whether God exists. In fact, the second objection somehow supports the first objection. The second objection to the question presents a point of view which concludes that since everything can be reduced to human reason, then God’s existence must not be necessary: 5) Par. 1: If God did not exist, everything in this world can be accounted for by other principles; 6) Par. ...
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