It is important to note that the question raises other questions based on logic. For example, in the modern world, should morality be influenced by actions that take into consideration the greatest number of people affected; or should the rationale of morality focus on logic and other personal beliefs? Juxtaposing Kant’s and Mill’s ideas reveals the philosophical relation between their arguments clearly albeit with a lot of effort. The ideology of metaphysics was a major avenue of study followed by Immanuel Kant. Metaphysics is the philosophical study of a person’s know how and being. (Kant, 98). It is evident that Kant’s idea of morality relies on the occurrence of metaphysics as an individual science. “The law effected by the uniformed forces should be absolutely necessary so as to have moral implications.” In fact, scholars have identified this statement as a basic maxim of Kant’s philosophical ideas. According to Kant (2008), there should a group of truths referred to as necessary truths, for there to be morality. These truths define a person’s incentive to fulfill his/her duties and enhance psychological growth through the act of seeking moral worth. Moral worth in turn has its consequences based on happiness in action or satisfaction of the greatest number....
For example if one decides to kill anyone who offends him, then everyone will do the same leading to extinction of the human race. While quoting Kant’s work, Gert (2007) argues that it is necessary to avoid double-standards between the actions we take and those that we expect others to take. If one neglects duty, he/she neglects the general laws; thus this nullifies the applicability of moral law. However, the generalized law is not entirely true in some instances as seen through the phrases; “I must tell the truth at all times” and “I may not lie” If these statements are considered to be general laws, then telling partial truths does not raise contradictions since the law regulates lying not partial truths. This implies that there is some space for error in the definition of laws based on the necessary truths. Analysis Kant’s theory is simple and applicable in each real life situation. However, the hypotheses that morality depends on the dedication to duty leaves out the description of good deeds. Some moral deeds that induce happiness come from the goodness of the heart as theologian White (2008) states. Kant’s theory fails to take into account this acts as morals. In addition, Kant’s maxim states that we owe obedience through duty and he calls this the categorical imperative. The categorical imperative defines duty and is thus the sole incentive of moral actions. Kant’s theory only focuses on a few immoral actions. Furthermore, it fails to give the acceptable moral actions to replace the immoral aspects. Using the categorical imperative cannot indicate whether an action is good or bad. On the contrary, it only
This paper seeks to answer the question: is the morally right thing to do the one that produces happiness? Theologians and philosophers debate the question between right and wrong and the satisfaction drawn from doing things backed by moral justifications…
According to Kant, an act can be deemed as appropriate and right if the individual originally did the act considering it as his/her moral obligation. In view of Kant, it is just nothing else but duty that can entitle an act as right (Schwartz). Kant thinks that duty essentially makes the actions morally sound and justified as compared to their maxims.
For example, the rules that have been laid down, punishments for going against outlined laws and the reasons why these punishments are there must be considered for laws to be effective. There are different theories that help to approach the concept of obedience to the law and reasons for punishment.
This is an ethics issue. First we have to define how these three philosophers look at ethics and morals. The three of them have different views on ethics, especially metaethics. For Nietzsche, moral values are arbitrary; while for Kant and Mill, morals are innate.
According to John Stuart Mill, the fundamental principle of morality refers to the principle of utility, or Greatest Happiness Principle, which asserts that individuals tend to act in a manner that is most likely to derive maximum pleasure, satisfaction, and happiness to a wide range of people.
Thus Kant ventures into a study that tries to supply the principles of moral action as such, or tries to supply the principles for "rational beings in general," which we can interpret in this context as moral subjects. One can found the same tension in Kant's ethical writings.
The author states that philosophy of ethics states ethics and morality as more essential and sublime factors in nature for human welfare and happiness in comparison with the religious sets of belief; for religious teachings are limited to one single community, while morality maintains universality in its theme.
It is a reality beyond suspicion that philosophers are the rebels of the society to which belong, and revolt against the prevailing inequalities, injustices and malpractices being committed within their social and political establishment. Their thoughtfulness shows new dimensions and a ray of hope to their fellow beings.
For example, in the modern world, should morality be influenced by actions that take into consideration the greatest number of people affected; or should the rationale of morality focus on logic and other personal
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