Instructor Date Moral skepticism Moral skepticism holds that no person has any moral knowledge. It denies the objective platform of morality. What counts as moral objective depends on an individual. Socrates claimed that he knew nothing. This implies that when someone is skeptical about everything, he or she should be skeptical about himself or herself…
In addition, some people decide to moral because they respond to moral choices and dilemmas in the manner they have witnessed or seen their friends, parents, and role respond. Therefore, some of the time some people chose what is moral because they have learned that doing that sort of thing is right and good. People are moral because our reinforcement comes from instinct for self-preservation; briefly, self-interest is the cause of being moral. On the other hand, some people choose to be immoral due to the fact they desire to attain certain things for less efforts. For instance, a person may decide to steal in order to get money because they know working is tedious - so stealing is an easier way of obtaining money than working. Morality is about both obeying the set rules and evaluating the consequences. There are certain rules and regulations that set out by society that must be respected in order to live in harmony with other people, therefore people will tend to be moral by obeying the set standards in society. People maintain their moral status because they assess the result of their actions. For instance, a person is fond of telling lies and s/he will think of what happens when the truth will finally be realized (Kurtz 56). Therefore, people will choose to be moral in order to live harmoniously and avoid harming oneself. For instance, Descartes was skeptical about everything he did in that his life was characterized by constant thinking and questioning. He doubted everything, and it is only through this he claimed search for true knowledge. Descartes doubted his own existence in order to establish reflective thinking and questioning. Socially, Descartes relation with the society was not that of an outgoing person. He spent most of his time improving his previous writings or coming up with new ideas. The Discourse on method is one of his notable publications among others. In his work, Structure of the Meditations, Descartes gives preeminence to meditation as one of the best ways to find what is true (Descartes 45). For somebody to suggest meditation, it means that he has meditated before. Meditation, according to him, is focused on ignoring every truth and belief of this world. At the end, he was able to establish true knowledge of what is right and wrong in society. Every person develops his own original position on which he or she decided principles of justice behind the veil of ignorance (Sinnott-Armstrong 79-82). The basis of this strategy is that no one knows his/her place or social status in society nor does anyone know his/her fate in the distribution of social goods since all are under the veil of ignorance. The veil of ignorance limits people from knowing what justice entails. Putting in mind everybody is morally upright, it will be rational to consider all the social primary goods, which includes opportunity and liberty, wealth and income and the grounds of self-respect. With this in mind, these will form the basis of the policy whereby programs put in place will ensure that all these things are distributed equally; unless under special and justifiable circumstances, unequal distribution of these goods is to the benefit of the least favored. In addition, person will be entitled to have an equal right to all the goods available. The office in charge will be transparent and fair to all under conditions to ensure ...
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(“Skepticism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
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(Skepticism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Skepticism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/philosophy/79852-skepticism.
The Coherence of Truth is part of the series of essays that Donald Davidson wrote, which made him one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. The essay posited a coherence theory on truth and is typified by two significant variables that characterize all Davidson's work - it is both unitary and all encompassing in its breadth.
Faith is a belief, which is non-rational in a certain proposition. This is contrary to the evidence of that belief. The error in this case is that any proposition that is not a scientific statement or supported by evidence is purely faith. Therefore, belief in any proposition is an act of faith (Zagzebski 52).
One is Descartes’ malevolent demon and the other is Unger’s evil scientist along with Putnam’s brain in a vat. Like the matrix, Descartes thinks that reality may all be just an illusion. Here, he uses his method of doubt to question the validity of his senses.
The limitations of Divine Pre-formation Theory D. Argument for God's existence Kant's response to Hume's skepticism This paper will discuss Kant’s theory of God’s relation to the causality of created organisms. One of his major contributions relates to the character of God’s input to cosmological relations amongst created beings.
For example, some of the people that can be viewed as skeptical are rationalists, in terms of the possibility of empirical knowledge at the same time not being skeptical on the possibility of prior knowledge but not in regard to empirical knowledge. Additionally, there are views about philosophical traditional problems, For example, the problem of induction and other minds are seen as forms of restricted skepticism which holds that we all cannot have knowledge of any proposals in any particular domain that we think to be within our understanding.
Hume gets so skeptical when he argues out that no attestation exists in support of origin and effect interactions within the universe. He points out that through observing people’s habits one infers an affiliation between two dissimilar events. He, therefore, adds that it very difficult to prove that one event caused the other.
In the introduction the researcher gives a detailed background on the life of Descartes and outlines some of his major works. The researcher then introduces the method of doubting (Cartesian doubting), defines what it means, and explains how Descartes used this method to refute skepticism by giving examples.
In his philosophies, he does not organize his ideas systematically and fails to define his terms too. Skepticism is a complicated epistemological position, which any philosopher or researcher can distinguish among its varieties through focusing on the strength and scope of themes.
My values and beliefs system is designed according to my religion, the government that I support, the amount of knowledge I acquired through education and some examples that I have learned. All these affect my decisions in life. There are societal norms and standards that I should conform to.