StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Husserl's theory of Phenomenology - Essay Example

Extract of sample
Husserl's theory of Phenomenology

While Husserl was the first philosopher to heighten phenomenology to an entire philosophical school of thought, subsequent thinkers would expand and change Husserl’s concepts. Throughout the 20th century two major forms of phenomenology emerged – Husserl’s theory of phenomenology and the existential theory of phenomenology. This essay compares and contrasts these divergent perspectives. There are a variety of differing features of Husserl’s theory of phenomenology and the existential version. In both instances, however, there is the similar recognition that phenomenological investigation considers internal aspects of human consciousness (Sokolowski, p. 159). Both perspectives on phenomenology worked to investigate aspects of human consciousness through bracketing techniques (Sokolowski, p. 159). In this way, the human senses’ perceived the external world was a major investigative trope. Both schools of thought recognized that the human senses only constituted a partial reflection of actual reality. Subsequently, phenomenology implemented the ‘epoche’ method of investigation where a particular aspect of sensory experience was bracketed and investigated. While the overarching mode of analysis is similar among both Husserl’s perspective the existential perspective on phenomenology, differences emerge in terms of the specifics. One of the primary differences between these perspectives is the objects they believe can be the object of phenomenological analysis. Existential phenomenology believed that phenomenology could only investigate actual objects from the external world. This perspective is contrasted with Husserl’s phenomenology that argues analysis also involved concepts such as freedom or justice. Ziemba indicates, “Husserl doesn’t limit the objects of phenomenological study to “things” “out-there” in the world, but addresses “matters,” all things that can be objects of consciousness, from a tree to freedom to ethnicity” (Ziemba). The difference in perspectives here dates back to the Greek form of logos. While Husserl believes that logos refers to broader ranging concepts, or things that are voiced through language, existential philosophy believes that this philosophical notion instead refers to things that can be seen. Another prominent distinguishing feature between Husserl’s phenomenology and existential phenomenology relates to the nature of the self. Husserl envisioned the self, specifically the ego, as transcendent. In large part, this is a vision of the ego as influenced by Hegel’s notion of the spirit. In both instances, the ego or the spirit exists external to the self and as such has a direct access to existence. For Husserl phenomenology needed to be grounded on scientific grounds, as this would allow for further investigation. Conversely, existential phenomenology viewed the self from a different perspective. Rather than envisioning the self as transcendent, existentialists believed that the ego was a unique entity. Heidegger himself indicated that, “For us, phenomenological reduction means leading phenomenological vision back from the apprehension of a being, whatever may be the character of that apprehension, to the understanding of the Being of this being (projecting ...Show more

Summary

Phenomenology Today phenomenology has a number of complex types of understanding. This theory, however, is highly relevant in the social sciences, as phenomenological investigation constitutes a major form of qualitative analysis. While the philosophy of phenomenology constitutes one branch of understanding, there is the more overarching consideration of phenomenology as a means of examining elements of human consciousness…
Author : jo17
Husserls theory of Phenomenology essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Husserl's theory of Phenomenology"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Hegels Phenomenology of Spirit
The main purpose of the research is to present that Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit has been a philosophical discourse that describes how human consciousness evolved through history (Hegel). What he has tried to explore is how to analyze something all the same keeping in mind, the act of analyzing itself can bring about changes to the reality that is being analyzed.
22 pages (5500 words) Essay
Edmund Husserl's Cartesian Meditations (topic upon your own decision)
From Sophocles, to Descartes to modern philosophers, these great minds have tried to understand the phenomena of nature, and how the human mind interacts with it. Although some of these can be seen as being too ambitious development, advancements in the subject of philosophy have given human beings a very fundamental foundation for understanding themselves and the world around them.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Phenomenology and Philosophy
To explain this, one should refer to the fact that throughout our educational careers, we have been discouraged to think independently or to formulate our own ideas and independent knowledge. Instead, we have been taught that we need first to learn, to acquire the knowledge that has been uncovered for us, and passed down to us by the earlier generations, not to mention that contained in the Holy Books and then, formulate our own ideas and opinions on the basis of that collective knowledge.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Phenomenology
Van der Zalm and Bergum (2000) reports that this trend, which started late in the 1970s and early 1980s, was a result of the growing dissatisfaction, among nursing researchers, with the prevalent scientific practices of the time. A closer examination of the philosophical basis of nursing and the relationships 'among philosophy, scientific methods and knowledge development in nursing' led to questioning of the adequacy of the prevalent quantitative research methodologies in effectively studying human life experiences, which is the core concern of the nursing profession (Van der Zalm and Bergum, 2000 p211).
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Heidegger's distinction between the ready-to-hand and the present-to-hand
He made significant contribution for the development of ontology, i.e. study of being. He practiced phenomenological analysis of human existence in an attempt to access being, with reference to the temporal and historical character. He also discussed the nihilism of modern technology, and its generated society and tried to correlate the thoughts and perspectives of the western philosophical tradition with the question of being.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Existentialism and Humanism
Jean-Paul Sartre is a well known philosopher who has one of the most well known opinions in regards to both of these subjects, and that is that he thinks that existentialism is actually humanism in itself. This belief of his has been debated on and battled by others, and in order to be able to come to a proper and informed conclusion in regards to any of this, we have to discuss what existentialism and humanism are, as well as what Sartre's thinking is in regards to this matter, and by doing this we will be able to become incredibly more critically understanding of this subject matter overall.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Phenomenology and building
This account will take into consideration its present use and history. The writings of Pallasmaa and Bachelard on the theories of Heidegger, Zumthor and Norberg-Schulz help to underline one’s
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Husserl's theory of Phenomenology
Within this understanding, there are more specific philosophical forms of phenomenology. Phenomenology as a philosophical system first emerged in
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Sexual Experience: Foucault, Phenomenology, and Feminist Theory
One of the most significant objectives behind creating this research paper includes the estimation of the difference in the viewpoints expressed by both Foucault and Alcoff on the one side, and depiction of Oksala’s
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Phenomenology topic
It was suggested that “to examine experience from a phenomenological perspective is to recognize the necessary emplacement of modalities of human existence within ever-shifting horizons of temporality” (Desjarlais & Throop, 2011, 88). Keeping this in mind,
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment