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Utilitarian vs. Deontological Perspectives: Human Cloning - Assignment Example

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Utilitarian vs. Deontological Perspectives: Human Cloning

Yet, human beings have found that there may be potential benefits in creating human clones for a number of different reasons. The debate on this subject has been going on for decades and will likely continue to do so for some time. There are many different philosophical perspectives that one could apply to the issue of human cloning; it is the utilitarian and deontological perspective that offer two interesting comparative views. Human cloning has dominated science fiction for decades with scenarios revealing how the practice could go terribly wrong. Ethical debates have proposed many other unique issues with cloning; everything from the development of unforeseen genetic flaws, to the devaluation of life, to whether, or not, a cloned being will have rights and even a soul. However, it is the incredible potential of medical “miracles” that cloning might allow, in all its forms, which includes, ending infertility, eradicating genetic diseases, curing illnesses, replacing damaged organs, and last but not least, the ability to create life as they see fit, that continues to lure supporters.The philosophy cares less about how you accomplish something as long as the overall outcome leads to the greatest amount of overall good and happiness, while deontology considers less the outcomes and more about the intention behind doing it. The moral intent is more important in deciding whether something is good or bad, or right or wrong, has greater than the outcomes and results. The ideology embraces the “Categorical Imperatives,” which include a "universality" within the principles, all humans are rational agents, and must be treated as such. That said, given the topic of human cloning, it is, very likely, that on face value, utilitarian’s would support the implementation of the practices. The positive outcomes could be perceived as one of the greatest benefits and overall good. People would be happier if less threatened by diseases, trauma, and sicknesses via the development of clones for medical purposes. The Greatest Happiness principle is geared toward finding that ultimate happiness in the great end, based on making decisions that lead to greater good not greater pains (Mill 577). However, deontologists would very likely take an opposing position. It is probable that they would reflect upon the intentions of the science. For deontologists hold firm that there is no other qualifier of whether something is “good” is based on the will behind it (Kant 582). According to the three “Categorical Principles” embraced by deontologists, human cloning might raise some philosophical principles that they cannot ignore. They would question the intentions of such sciences and the applications that it may lend to, in order to determine the good or bad of the endeavor. Firstly, in order for human cloning to be acceptably practiced it must be accepted as “universalized” rule, which would inevitably limit some of the different types of human cloning, while potentially allowing others. If it cannot be universalized, however, then it likely would never be practiced. Secondly, the idea that every individual is a “rational agents,” is threatened by the fact human cloning would require the control over or manipulation of some people over others. This would contradict the deontological perspective. They, might, also, question how human clones, in whatever form, would be treated within ...Show more

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Yet, human beings have found that there may be potential benefits in creating human clones for a number of different reasons. The debate on this subject has been going on for decades and will likely continue to do so for some time…
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Utilitarian vs. Deontological Perspectives: Human Cloning essay example
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