Philosophy

Philosophy Essay example
College
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 6 (1506 words)
Download 0
Philosophy-Assessing knowledge of the modern world Name: Institution: Abstract Knowledge can be acquired through rationalism or empiricism. Rationalism uses innate ideas and deductive reasoning to generate knowledge. On the other hand, empiricism uses experiences and observations to generate knowledge…

Introduction

Rationalism is defined as acquiring knowledge about human existence and the world through innate ideas and further through deductive reasoning (Lemos, 2007). Innate ideas are inborn ideas that provide a solid foundation for learning about other important things in life. These ideas are considered absolute certainty by famous philosophers. All the ideas cannot be acquired through experience or experiments. The most significant innate ideas that serve as a source of knowledge of human existence and the world is that of God, substance, infinity and finally destiny among others. Rene Descartes suggested that deductive reasoning enables a person to use innate ideas to infer other ideas (as cited in Lemos, 2007). An example from Descartes’ rationalism theory includes the use of geometry to deduce important ideas such as lines, points and other geometrical shapes. Empiricism is a scientific method of acquiring knowledge through experience, experiments and observations (Lemos, 2007). This theory challenges the theory of acquiring knowledge through innate abilities. John Locke, the initiator of empiricism, suggests that when a person is born, his mind is blank and lacks knowledge of himself and the world around (as cited in Lemos, 2007). ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Philosophy
Considering the variation in cultural predisposition, myths also varies. Different beliefs persist in different parts of the globe defining culture, traditions and rituals of that particular region. A comparative account could be established between different mythologies and this is packed under comparative mythology. Myth refers to variety of stories sharing distinctiveness, making it special and…
Philosophy
Since his early age, Descartes had begun to doubt every traditional fact, he had ever known or learned. His doubts even reached his own existence in the world. So, in his Discourse on Method Meditations and Principles, Descartes explains and elaborates the principles of his philosophy that depend on skepticism and uncertainty. Then, he started to rebuild his knowledge, as well as ours, by proving…
Philosophy
Therefore, philosophy of education forms part of the learning process that is concerned with the aim, form, method, and the results of any educational/learning process. It is then worth noting that, philosophy of education is a tool that directs the educational processes that are geared to the targeted group. From the understanding of the historical literature philosophy of education, it is worth…
Philosophy
The powerful individuals of the time consisting of political leaders and leading business people perfect in new concepts of both capitalism and slavery to maximize their power and wealth. Using the computer programs, they manipulate their subjects who live in a deluded reality. The following discussion delves into the philosophical relevance of the film in reference to skepticism as a…
Philosophy
This means that laws of nature work with other events to act as forerunners that necessitate every occurrence. Soft determinism, also known as compatibilism, is the conviction that the ideas of determinism and free will are compatible (Loux 38). Therefore, one can believe in determinism and free will and still be logically consistent. Here, according to American philosopher William James, free…
Philosophy
Rationalism refers to the scientific method and the knowledge gained through it. For this very same reason, rationalist gives high importance to science. Plato and Socrates are major philosophers who support rationalism. Rationalism as a philosophy believes that if one can thing clearly and logically then he is disposed with the right knowledge beforehand itself without any experience. However,…
Philosophy
They are motivated and have directions with clear mission in life. Religious people are the only ones to feel comfort through their supernatural powers where their involved in religious practices to seek divine interventions, from their practices such as prayers. Through these activities they believe that their goals will be achievable as they work under these motivation aspects to achieve their…