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Henry Nabea Professor # Introduction to Philosophy 15 Dec. 2012 What Should I Do? Introduction In Ethics, the answer to the question of what, actually, determines the morality of an action has given rise to various theories of Ethics. Some of the common theories of Ethics are Aristotle’s Virtue Ethics theory, Emmanuel Kant’s Deontology, and Bentham and Mills Utilitarianism.
This paper, therefore, analyzes one such controversial, ethical issue by applying these three main theories of Ethics. The particular issue analyzed in the paper is found in the article ‘’Genes Now Tell Doctors Secrets They can’t Utter’’, by Gina Kolata’s. But before the analysis of the article, a detailed explanation of each of the theories is given. The paper ends with a personal conclusion, drawn from the analysis of the article. Aristotle’s Virtue Ethics According to this theory of Ethics propounded by Aristotle, the sole determinant of the morality of an action is the doer of the action himself/herself. The theory holds that the character formation of the doer of the act determines whether the act that the person does is morally right or not. A good character in a person is formed through constant habituation to good or virtuous acts (Nicomachean Ethics, book 11, chapter 1). On the other hand, a bad character in a person is formed through habituation to bad or vicious acts. When a person with a good character, a virtuous person, acts, their actions flow from the good character, and therefore, the actions are always virtuous/morally right. ...
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