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Part A. 1. TRUE 2. TRUE 3. TRUE 4. TRUE 5. TRUE 6. TRUE Part B Prompt 1 Singer argues that animals have equal rights with men as they are a species that has life. According to Singer there should be some concern for the wellbeing of animals in a moral society.
He further argues that all animals posses sentience, and therefore animals should be treated the same way as humans regarding any morally relevant interest. Singer equates treating animals lesser than human beings to other forms of discrimination like racism and ethnicity. Furthermore, Singer equates animals with human beings who have irreversible brain damage. The utilitarian views of Singer are opposed and refuted by Cohen. Cohen argues that rights can only be restricted to moral agents. To refute Singer’s argument that animals have equal rights to humans, Cohen proposes a definition of rights as claims. A right according to Cohen is a claim made against somebody else. Cohen further argues that an obligation to ensure animal welfare cannot constitute a right. To prove this Cohen clearly shows that rights entail obligation but obligation cannot entail rights. However, Cohen’s fails to show how humans without the ability to claim their rights can enjoy rights. These groups of humans include human infants and mentally handicapped persons. Cohen’s speciesist theory failure to explain how humans without the capacity to claim rights can enjoy moral rights assists Utilitarianism answer his criticism for their explanation of animal rights. Prompt 2 The starting point for answering the question “Is there such thing as a moral saint?” always starts with an attempt to define the term. ...
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