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History of Political Philosophy - Essay Example

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History of Political Philosophy

The modern political philosophers view conservatism as a social issue in the political organization as a way of masking economic goals. However, the true objective of conservatism is to establish dignity, which is a social and psychological stipulation of discrepancy. Thus, the deceptions of conservatism in the current era will no longer be adequate because conservatisms are sophisticated especially in the current cultural society. On should accept conservatism as a guide to public policies because it is one of the significant driving forces towards building the American society where freedom, prosperity and opportunity flourish. However, it is significant to strike a balance between protection of civil rights and fundamental rights. There is a dramatic increase of conservatism in the public organizations and policy research organizations since the midst of 1990. The changes can be explained through the expansion of conservatism movement in the nation, the fall of communism and increased political democracies across the globe. Understanding cultural misunderstanding is significant because culture plays significant roles towards social and economic development. Behr (23) argues that conservatism movement is instrumental towards reorganizing and establishment of democracy across the globe. It continues to flourish the former communist nations, and it has played significant roles in numerous entities as well as helping organizations to increase visibility. Socialism Socialism is an economic system of ownership. The central meaning involves common ownership of economic resources across the globe. Although, common sharing of resources does not make sense, but some commodities tend to be personal consumption. Common ownership means everyone has a right to participate in decision on the way global resources will be utilized. In this case, nobody can take personal control of the common shared resources beyond their personal possessions. Therefore, democratic control plays a significant role in socialism. This is where the government has powers to control resources in a manner that can benefit the public. Socialism seeks to promote common sharing of resources and the society participates in significant decisions that can impact their common wellbeing. The decisions vary in a wide range; thus, the significant decision should be about the way to organize production of commodities. Socialists adhere to the varied range of philosophical perspectives; thus many philosophers such Marxist have made an attempt reveal the way socialist theory hold their views that the behaviors of human beings are influenced by the social environment. Although socialism is essential because it contributes to common sharing of resources, it may contribute to conflicts (Rawls and Freeman 87). This is especially in the process of decision-making and distribution of resources. For instance, political aspects have contributed to poor distribution of social resources. Therefore, economic development is difficult because other people want to pursue their own interests especially in the productive capabilities in the society. The socialist argues that socialism contributes to capitalism whereby the wealth or powerful people want to take control in the production process; thus achieving enough wealth under the exploitation process. This contributes to a stratified community, which is based on the disproportionate social relations. Political Doctrine The political doctrine of Fascism is sound ...Show more

Summary

Conservatism is a political philosophy that preserves traditional social organizations. It is a social philosophy that seeks to preserve things in a traditional way, and it emphasizes stability and opposes modernism. …
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