StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Philosophical Conceptions of Justice - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Philosophical Conceptions of Justice

However, justice, in a universal definition, entails the knowledge of doing right from wrong and making sure people live in the right way together. It is this ‘right’ way of living that brings controversies in describing social justice among nations. This paper discusses a variety of philosophical conceptions of justice with regard to famous philosophers in their definitions of social justice (Ackerman, 1980). John Locke and Thomas Jefferson John Locke lived in the mid seventeenth century as an English Enlightenment philosopher. He argued that our ancestors once lived in a state of nature that had no government or laws. However, as life advanced and civilization came up, people became stratified into various social classes that required the formulation of laws and regulations in order to cater for the less disadvantaged. This also prohibited the oppression of the less fortunate by the more fortunate. He called this idea of the social contract that enabled all citizens acquire fundamental rights of life, property, and liberty. However, this depended on people’s consent that he said are an active part of the social contract in which they take part depending on their own accord (Chaffee, 2004). Consequently, a twenty first century philosopher, Chaffee, analyses Locke’s writings in addition to other various ancient philosophers. He says that Locke’s theory is political in that he took up Hobbe’s opinion of human equality and the social contract. Furthermore, he also puts Aristotle’s arguments forward that man is naturally a social creature who cannot survive alone. This means that humanity is fundamentally a social identity and that there is no need to put up a system to control our way of life. However, Hobbes described how this natural socialism could lead to relinquishment of certain rights by high status individuals, hence, leading to oppression and injustice. On the other hand, Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States was a profound follower of Locke’s arguments. He believed that every human being is equal and that God gave each unique rights, including liberty, life, and the right to be happy and content. He created his government on the basis that it enabled his people to secure these rights. However, the people still held the right to overthrow the government if they felt that its constitution was not in favor of their happiness and safety. As a result, I believe in Locke’s way of thinking that nowadays life requires a body, like the government, that controls the provision and use of resources on the basis that we are all equal regardless of an individual’s social status. This is because it defines true independence (Marx, 1938). Conceptions of justice Liberalism denotes a free way of acting and thinking in public and private life. It focuses on the role of an individual to possess the power to think and act in whatever way that he or she likes. It is a philosophical view based on Aristotle and Plato’s arguments on justice as was recommended by Locke as the key to a just way of life. It rejects state religion, hereditary privilege, and absolute monarchy as notions that favor inequality among the public and private. In the 19th, liberalism advanced to a political ideology called classical liberalism. This liberalism was still based on the initial liberalism ideas although it advocated for political freedom and civil liberties while opposing how the government interfered with economic freedom. On the other hand, socialism describes an economic ideology that entails social possession of resources, including the ways of production of these resources. It also entails mutual organization of the economy that focuses on benefiting the public as a whole instead of ...Show more


Philosophical Conceptions of Justice People of diverse cultures and ethnicities make up the world. This means that different people perceive justice in different ways depending on the people around them and their ways of life and intellectual capabilities…
Author : zulaufsigmund
Philosophical Conceptions of Justice essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Philosophical Conceptions of Justice"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Plato's 'Republic': The Philosophical Tenets of Justice
Critical philosophical study of the issue alongside irrefutable proof leads to the conclusion that justice has an absolute reality as well as its own benevolence and should be pursued regardless of the consequences. Through an objective study of Plato’s “Republic” this philosophical position can be defended adequately.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Michael Sandel's critique of John Rawls' Theory of Justice
It is evident from the study that in order to recover from criticism of his theory, John Rawls constantly develops recasts, revises and expands his theory of justice. His works despite being criticized cannot be discarded since there are no alternative theories provided by Sandel. Rawls will be commemorated for his impartial model of justice as fairness.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Justice or moral uprightness of human soul according to Plato
Justice or Moral Uprightness of Human Rights. Plato’s Republic is one of the foremost philosophical texts of the ancient world. While the text examines a broad array of philosophical issues, one of its primary considerations is the nature of morality. In the second book of the Republic, Glaucon argues that morality is only a socially constructed concept that individuals follow because it is to their advantage to do so.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
What is Philosophy Philosophical Conceptions Of Life
What is Philosophy? Religions and myths had passed on through out generations, and had guided man in this respect until philosophy brought on a revolution which completely changed the world (Kenny, 5). Before then, it was believed that gods and other forces controlled what happened in the world.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
The contemporary world is characterized by unequal distribution of wealth, resources, and power. With regard to the American society today, it is clear that there are capitalistic elements present in the society. Karl Marx in the nineteenth century addressed the theme of capitalism, which results in denial of justice to some class of people in the society.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Contemporary Philosophical or Political Thought
Early philosophies help to show the similarities and differences between the ancient and current moral and political thoughts. They also show how different concepts have been shifting with time and help people to find new ideas by applying the old ones. There two great philosophers who have contributed a lot of philosophical or political ideologies in history which are applicable in the current world namely; John Stuart Mill's and his philosophy of Utilitarianism and Immanuel Kant who greatly discussed Metaphysics of Morals.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Critical and Philosophical Issues in the Social Sciences
The notion that social science only informs about the role of an individual in society and documents the way changing circumstances affect people is no longer applicable. This has become possible with the incorporation of “critical thinking” in every sub-category of social science including sociology, political science, anthropology and philosophy.
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Theory of Justice
It is basically something that people accept and seldom questioned. However not everybody is like that. Humanity in her story has seen and heard the many propositions and hypothesis regarding the stipulation of society. The interest with regards to how society has started, and the conditions that basically paved the way for society's nascent have long been discussed.
13 pages (3250 words) Essay
Justice Rights and The State
The “Justice as Fairness2 hypothesis further derives the following Rawlsian principles of justice: Moreover, Rawls’ theory of justice attempts to reconcile the utilitarian
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Justice or moral uprightness of human soul according to plato
Conversely, Plato (through Socrates) makes the contention that justice and morality are not socially constructed entities, but instead exist objectively. In this instance, humans
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us