Every side of the argument has posed questions concerning man’s place with respect to these animals and the natural world. Most people arguing against the use of animals for medical research have based their arguments on the relationship between humans and nature philosophies as put forward by Peter Singer that humans do not exist totally above nature, with the focus basically on animals. Singer refers to most attitudes that humans possess towards animals as speciesism that is a concept, which has existed throughout history (Owen 33). Before him, Aristotle was of the view that nature consists of a hierarchy where animals with less ability to reason existed for those who had less ability to reason. Therefore, plants are in existence for the sake of animals, with animals existing for the sake of humans. He used this concept to further his belief in slavery with humans with less reasoning ability existing to serve those with higher ability (Owen 34). While this view has been rejected by society, it is applied towards animals and other non-humans. Speciesism has been practiced by Christians and Jews based on the superiority they extract from the book of Genesis and God’s word (Owen 36). ...
The lobby for animal liberation does not contend that every animal has equal worth, however. It contends that where the animal and man possess similar interests, these interests need to be equated to each other, for instance, the avoidance of physical pain (Owen 37). There should be no automatic discount because one is human and the other evidently is not. Singer’s rejection of speciesism is clearly illustrated by his clarification; he does not mean to imply that all living beings have equal worth via his consideration of how man makes choices within his own species. If man had to make a choice between saving a normal human being’s life and that of an intellectually deficient human, he would most probably plump for the normal one. However, were the choice between the prevention of suffering in a normal human and in the intellectually deprived, making the assumption that both had painful injuries and that there were only pain-killers for one, then the choice becomes murkier. The choice probably would be on the basis of the one who had more suffering (Owen 38). Because most experiments concerning animals are painful to the animal, the movement for animal rights commits itself to the complete abolition of animal use in medical research. Those that support the utilization of animals for medical research argue that while animals do suffer in a morally significant way, this is not sufficient ground, by itself, to afford them equal status morally with humans (Owen 50). Therefore, if the animals do not have the same moral status in comparison to humans, humans are not morally obligated to restrain themselves from using them for medical research.
One pertinent question that faces the modern world is the use of animals for scientific experimentation. Most ideas that have to do with nature especially animals have been formed in the midst of the controversy. Every side of the argument has posed questions concerning man’s place with respect to these animals and the natural world…
Constant research is a must in the field of medical science as it is crucial in determining the fortune of the entire humanity. Undoubtedly, the world is confronting new variety of maladies these days. Medical research is one of the battle fields in which on-going ideological warfare is being waged over whether human beings should be treated as ends or whether they can be treated as mere means.
This paper makes an analysis of the animal rights. Activists think that the feeling of superiority makes human beings to believe that there is no such thing as ‘animal rights’, because compared to them, animals are inferior and primal in every way. One thing that the ‘animals rights’ activists need to understand is that people in medical research field do not kill or use animals randomly.
This paper fundamentally highlights the core aspects of as to why and where should humans draw a line in considering experimentation trials upon animals and how these procedures have significantly affected us in to live life according to the ways we enjoy it and what does prior animal research play in ascertaining the significant effects to our everyday life.
This essay discusses the rights of animals in the modern times. Sadly enough even in the twenty first century, we as humans are not averse to the idea of using live animals for medical research, genetic experimentation, and hunting. As if making concrete jungles upon their natural habitats was not enough we have locked them in zoo's ,made them extinct for their furs and teeth and exploited them for food.The issues regarding animal rights are just one aspect of respect for all the living organisms of Mother Earth.
Most of the animals are small ones like rodents - rats, mice, hamsters and gerbils. Some dogs, cats and a variety of goats, monkeys and rabbits have also been used. The animal rights issue is an emotional one. For decades the value of animal research has been grossly overrated. Although researchers claim that they depend on animal test data to achieve medical advances, we should demand other means of research and there should be laws assuring a minimum level of animal protection because testing on animals is cruel, inhumane, and often unnecessary.
Two sides of the argument: abolitionists oppose keeping wild animals as pets; extreme utilitarianism favour keeping wild animals as pets (Kreger & Hutchins, 2010).
Euro Group for Animals (2010) reports the EU is the world’s
The views held by such individuals depend on emotional, moralistic, or practical grounds. Many people base on the emotional and practical aspects of the relationship and forget the rest. Such individuals always
The researchers need to test the animals to know more about the health problems and the probable diseases that may occur in the human body. This allows the researchers to know more about the genetics of humans and to develop new medicines. Animals are considered as a good research subject for some reasons:
8 pages (2000 words)Essay
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