According to Machiavelli human nature should not be given full liberty. If this happens there is a creation of an ignorant population that may challenge the reign of the prince. In this case the prince represents the leader. The prince had the authority to use whichever form of leadership as long what is under his command remain controlled. In one of the most controversial inclusion in his book is the justification of use of violence in leadership. He justifies the use of force in controlling and eliminating political opposition and rivalry. The use of force coerces the resistant individuals and control strong men who have the ability of challenging the existing leadership. He also justified the use of violence when it came to introduction of power and implementing new laws and regulations. In his argument people responded more effectively to the use force than any other form of approach (Waldron, 45). It is from his negative political approach many public institutions and bodies criticized his pieces of literature. The Machiavellian approaches were termed as enemies of democracy and leadership as they promoted dictatorship and the use of crude ways of leadership. Humanists, activists and religious institutions disregarded the literature used by Machiavelli. Machiavelli’s views on security and corruption are also based on who is at power. The authority should provide people with security. However, the security should be offered when the people are opposing the leadership o f the land. Regardless of the conduct of the leader, the people should be respectful to the leadership of the land. There are numerous instances where Machiavelli disregarded the nature of human rights. The nature of human rights is based on the fact that leadership should be based on the view of the citizens. The general view of a leaders should be created by the nature of is environment. Additionally, the modes used in leadership should not be crude and undemocratic. Machiavelli’s view is in deep contract with these views. In his view, a leader should not be changed by the nature of his environment but come up with changes that will suit his character (Waldron, 123). Even if the change is negative and unfair to the people, the leader should find other ways of implementing this change. According to Waldron human rights should be the most considered factor when coming up with policies of leadership (34). The author further argues that disregard of the nature of the Human rights what is created is not leadership for the people but leadership dictating the people. Dictatorship n itself is a negative aspect of the society. Leaders using this mode of leadership are enemies of liberty and democracy. The people should have a voice in which they give their responses to the kind of leadership they want. Machiavelli’s proposition of using violence is also a major hindrance to achieving liberal societies. His approaches were viewed as what human activists were against. However, looking at the literature by Machiavelli in another perspective brings out another scenario of his arguments. It is an obvious assumption that any leader should be able to control the people under his command. This means that regardless of what he does, the people should not surpass his authority. It is a human to create opposition and resistance. An effective leader should be
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Machiavelli view on Liberty and Leadership As a political writer Machiavelli came up with his own views regarding leadership and liberty which were based on his idea of both factors. According to Machiavelli leadership and liberty were two different factors that should not be associated together (Waldron, 65)…
John Locke’s Natural Rights in The Second Treatise of Government In The Second Treatise of Government, by John Locke (1679-1682), Locke presents his views on the natural rights of man. These rights encompass one’s rights to one’s body/person, right of survival or preservation, the right to property, the right to labour, the right to freedom, the right to punishment, the right to society and the right to self-defence in war.
As such, a natural right exists for individuals even when no other right exists, and is exchanged with legal rights for the protection of one’s property and material interests. Locke advocates civil liberties and their sustenance. In the first regard he maintains that natural rights are omnipotent and all human beings are expected to be conversant with them which paves way for their respect amongst individuals.
Locke believes that “a government by consent means that the proper conduct of government is predicated on the psychological state of the governed” (Dunn, 525). This is the reason why at various times, an individual may be liable to a political obligation.
Where Locke takes a more liberal perspective, inviting the ideal that people can function by accepting a ruling authority for the greater good, Hobbes takes a similar yet opposing stance that while a ruling authority is key in the success of protecting the human race, people cannot accept such influence without giving up certain inalienable rights including their own personal sovereignty.
The revelation brought about the concept of the only one of its kind human faculty of reason (Mill 2008, 67-70). Through this, virtually everything would eventually be understood. Several philosophers even ague that through the enhancement of this reason, human being had the ability for perfection.
He was brought up in a period of crisis in England and, therefore, experienced political struggles for power and the revolution in England. Being attracted to politics he put forward a political theory concerned with the concept of true sovereignty in his second treatise of government, communicating to the society and mankind over their capability to institute a government, and even created a civil society by their will and consent.
The “Second Treatise of Government” is so much valued as a political document that it served as an extremely influential and important document in framing political philosophies and doctrines. Moreover, during the following years of its publication, the treaty also provided the matrix upon which important political testimonies such as Declaration of Independence and Constitution of United States were formulated.
Locke tries to explain how before money was eventually invented by man, it was found to be rather impossible for any person to be able to acquire property in such as large quantity as to be able to potentially cause harm to his neighbor. The accumulation of wealth and property by man has always in recent time become quite controversial in light of the dwindling amount of natural resources that are currently available.
The discussion here traces Locke’s provisos, issues related to property rights and labor and the relevance or application of Locke’s theory for explaining the consequences of global warming.
Global warming is especially a moral issue as it indicates an unbridled
The virtues and ideas of Lock had a lot of values because the perceived new world had experienced a vibrant reality in royally policy; profitable practice and English law ‘Justifications’ for regal ownership attractive to religion, dominion and usual
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