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Pages 6 (1506 words)
1) (a) What is the nature of virtue for Aristotle and how can his approach to ethics be contrasted to one based on rules and obligations. (b) Discuss the roles of moral habituation (training) in Aristotle's account of the development of a virtuous person…
This virtue which has been nurtured by early training and conscientious choice can be destroyed either by excesses or deficiency and it is important that the individual should hit the mean condition of virtue to remain virtuous. This “golden mean” according to Aristotle is an approximation of in-betweens between two extremes that is neither excessive nor deficient. It is to feel fear, confidence, desire, anger, pity and pleasure that is neither too much nor too little because both polarized directions are wrong. What is desired is to have “feelings at the right times on the right grounds towards the right people for the right motive and in the right way is to feel them to an intermediate, that is to the best, degree; and this is the mark of virtue. Such, there are three dispositions of virtue which are excessive, deficient and the mean; that is the desirable approximate in-between of the two extremes of excess and deficit. For Aristotle’s standard, this is the ultimate virtue for this compels an individual to act with utmost temperance by acting at the right extent at the right time for the right reason in the right way. Aristotle realizes that hitting this mean is extremely difficult for this is the ideal. ...
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