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Essay example - Pick five of your favorite fallacies. Find advertisements, short news stories, political arguments, etc (not all of the same
Pages 5 (1255 words)
Five Fallacies While scientific investigation places considerable standards on claims of knowledge, the news media and advertising industry, in many instances, operates through less comprehensive standards of truth. While these entities can constitute an important form of knowledge, oftentimes they implement logical fallacies in their truth claims…
Extract of sample
One prominent area such logical fallacies occur is in arguments surrounding gay marriage. Increasingly gay marriage has assumed a prominent place in the lexicon of American civil rights challenges. Significant objections have been raised to gay marriage by conservative groups who wish to, as they indicate, preserve the sanctity of marriage. In reality these groups implement a variety of fallacious arguments. One prominent argument is that, “Marriage, the defenders contend, cannot possibly be treated as a “fundamental right” open to gays and lesbians because such a right must have a foundation in American history, legal traditions, and practices” (Denniston). The above argument clearly implements the appeal to traditional fallacy. The appeal to tradition fallacy argues that since for a long period of time something has been one way, in the future it will continue to be that way. As the argument is that gay marriage should continue to be illegal because it was historically prohibited America, it is implementing an appeal to tradition. It seems that rather than truly believing this argument, the intention of people making the argument is to support their position on gay marriage by bringing people’s attention to such precedent. ...
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