Anthropocentrism and Environmental Ethics & Preservation of Nature Gaia

Anthropocentrism and Environmental Ethics & Preservation of Nature Gaia Essay example
Ph.D.
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Philosophy
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Gaia: Our Life Force Gaia refers to the life force that makes up our biosphere, and how everything on the earth - from the one-celled protozoa to the enormous blue whale – acts collectively and coordinates to produce the optimum conditions for the continuation of life on earth…

Introduction

The biosphere produces just the right temperature for the earth. The mechanism for the stability of the temperature on earth is sustained by biological components. Everything works together in synergy (Lovelock, 1979). The Gaia theory may imply that our world is fragile – that, because the harmony of the living things on this world is what continues to sustain the earth, if there is an imbalance caused by man’s plunder, then the earth may cease to exist. But Lovelock (1979) has a different idea about this. Gaia is robust, which means that life will always exist in some form, even if the life forms on earth are reduced to ants and algae. Nevertheless, whether or not man can survive an upset in the ecosystem is another story – man destroys large swaths of the rainforest and the oceans, which, in turn, means that trillions of micro-organisms which are necessary for the stability of the composition of the atmosphere are endangered. Yet our earth has sustained severe injury in the past – such as the accumulation of corrosive and toxic gas oxygen two billion years ago – and survived it (Grey, 1980). Because Gaia is predicated upon the synergy of all living things, in spite of what Lovelock (1979) states about the robustness of the theory of Gaia, it still appears that there needs to be a certain synergy for human life to exist. ...
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