Euthyphro : Plato

Euthyphro : Plato Research Paper example
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Euthyphro-Plato Name Institution Euthyphro-Plato In Plato’s dialogue, Euthyphro and Socrates present an argument against a common moral perception that morality or piety is a matter of what the gods’ commands it is. This makes Socrates to pose the following question: is the right or pious being loved by the gods because it is pious or it is pious or rights because the gods love it?


In the dialogue, the idea of holiness emerges so that the concept of morality is well understood. For instance, Socrates argues that if an act is moral because God says it is moral or right, then it implies that whatever God says is right is right. In addition, this also implies that Gods command of what is moral is arbitrary since the same God could have willed contrary commands. Therefore, when Socrates asks Euthyphro about his definition of the word piety, Euthyphro was required to identify the nature of virtue or morality by establishing on what ground does morality or virtue stand on. It is difficult for an atheist to discover the ground on which morality stands on because they claim they can have ethics or morals without the gods but they believe that what the gods commands as holy should be respected. Certainly, an atheist can behave in a way that people perceive moral or good but it is hard to define what the term ultimately means. It may imply complying with objective standard of morality, a policy, or law given by legitimate authority without involving a transcendent lawmaker, which in this case is the gods. This implies that there can be no transcendent lawmaker and no corresponding duty to be good (Kelly, 1981). ...
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