Socrates Table of Contents Introduction 3 Thesis Statement 3 Explanation of the Argument 4 Analysis 5 Conclusion 7 Works Cited 8 Introduction Socrates and Protagoras hold dissimilar philosophical views about different aspects of teaching and learning virtue…
To put it in simple words, Protagoras views the principle of morality as a valuable aspect that facilitates social cooperation. On the other hand, Socrates holds a vision about the principle of morality as a matter of an individuals’ interrelation towards his/her own soul which cannot be taught based on certain defined theories or assumptions contradicting Protagoras’ views that a person learns virtue from his early age recently when he/she starts speaking (Plato 5-25). Thesis Statement This study intends to analyze the arguments made by Socrates questioning the dialogues in Protagoras regarding the teachability of virtue and education humans regarding wisdom. Protagoras’ acclamations with reference to the viewpoints of Socrates will also be analyzed in this study to recognize the role of a rational agent, its justness and also its goodness in teaching wisdom to individuals. Proper justification will also be rendered with concern to the agreeability of the thesis, i.e. Protagoras. Explanation of the Argument The sole concern of Protagoras’ acclamations has been to rationalize that virtue and wisdom of human life can be taught. However, this argument has further been countered by Socrates where he questions the reality concerning the teachability aspects of virtues. ...
Conversely, Socrates holds a perception that the diverse aspects of virtue are singular as well as indivisible in nature. As per his beliefs concerning the aspects of courage and wisdom are simply dissimilar names for two similar qualities of good life. Apart from arguing regarding diverse aspects of virtue, the determination of the interrelation between knowledge, doing good and pleasure have also been focused in the rudiments of Socrates’ arguments based on Protagoras’ dialogues. In this connection, Socrates proclaimed that pleasure undividable with the concern of good. This can be further rationalized with reference to Socrates’ acclamation that anything which seems to be painful is regarded as evil. This particular proclamation of Socrates signified that it is not possible knowingly to do what is good which apparently contradicts the views of Protagoras stating that individuals can be taught of doing good. Moreover, the proclamation put forward by Socrates also represented with reference to the fact that it is quite unfeasible to live delightfully while performing any sort of evil activity which again rationalizes a strong connection within the various aspects of virtue as described by Protagoras. Conversely, Protagoras argued that there are several people who are not able to measure the most prominent doing that would bring pleasure to them. Hence, as a consequence, wrong activities are generally caused by ignorance that is not to be considered as a conflict or disagreement between ethical duties and the aspirations for pleasure within an individual. According to Protagoras’ dialogues, there lay the requirement of a specific art or ...
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He has also pondered about the certainty called “death” which all human lives must succumb to. The great man’s ideas about these somber issues are portrayed in his conversations with Euthyphro, Glaucon, Polemarchus, Adeimantus, Cephalus, Thrasymachus, Cleitophon and so on. At the same time, Socrates is an extremely intelligent man.
Confucius desired to restore the lost justice and harmony of Chinese society through his remarkable teachings throughout his lifetime. He continued his effort to establish harmony until his death at the age of 72 in 479. Socrates, the greatest of all Greek philosophers was born in a relatively poor family in Athens and spent his whole lifetime there.
Socrates was born in Athens in 469 BC. His mother was a midwife and his father a stone-carver. He lived during the time of the Peloponnesian war, and he fought for Greece then. When Socrates reached his forties, he began asking a lot of questions. He was a curious man and he wanted answers to his questions.
His life and philosophical theories are mostly accounted by contemporary writers and his students. Socrates has been mainly portrayed in the works of Plato a contemporary philosopher and his student. Although the authenticity of his portrayal has been questioned at times, Socrates’ contribution to the philosophy has been acknowledged by all philosophers alike.
Socrates defense was extracted from Plato’s Apology (Plato 23-30) Two major charges are advanced against Socrates. One is that he is an evildoer and an inquisitive person. He scrutinizes the underground and the firmaments. He convinces others that what is wrong is good and what is good is wrong.
The Greek philosophers over the time established different points of view with respect to education and to whom it should imparted on. Not only that, but the Greek philosophers, namely Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, also highlighted the areas of subjects that need to be taught to the people, furthermore finding links between the politics, economics and societies with the subjects being taught.
What are the most important reasons Socrates provides for this position in defense of Athenian law? If we accept Lewis’ critique of emotional subjectivism (Gaius and Titius’ position) in ‘Abolition of Man’ as sound, we cannot interpret Socrates’ actions as merely the result of his subjective feelings.
There are no written records from Socrates himself. However, most of the knowledge and teachings from Socrates are available to modern day readers from the dialogues that he held with his famous pupil, by the name Plato, who lived in the periods of 427 BC to 347 BC.
In this text, Plato records the defense Socrates presents during the trial for his life. Within the discussion, Socrates refers to himself several times as being the wisest man alive. He bases this claim on the words of the Oracle at Delphi which