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Following these two arguments creates the basis of the divine command theory of morality, in which Plato argues against every other theory that beats the logic of God in that God can only condemn something because it is wrong and something is condemned by the gods because it is wrong. Plato goes disowns the theory by bringing out a logical argument based on what he believes to the truth, especially on the concept of right and wrong and their relationship with the gods. On this topic, he brings up the issue of morality and immorality and the views of the gods on it based on why an action can be moral or immoral based on his argument with Euthyphro. In this case, he asks what if the gods considered what they asked to be done as the correct thing, despite being an immoral thing and one that inflicts pain and suffering amongst the people. In his objection against the theory, Plato argues the theory because it means that the gods that determine morality and human behavior by vouching for or criticizing it. For this reason, the foundation of morality in the case of the divine command theory of morality, morality becomes an arbitrary issue (Austin). ...
Logically, this does not make sense since Plato believes in a state of unambiguity, where such dilemmas do not come up; thus, there must be another form that guides morality. Another argument, by Plato against divine command theory of morality is that if gods do not call the arbitral change in morality, then they must be mere spectators. This is to mean that they just act as beings with the ability to recognize right and wrong, and cannot direct ethics, which is based on the argument that the gods condemn something because it is wrong. To Plato, this is another absurd idea and basis of morality as it puts the gods at the same as man; because man can also recognize right from wrong based on the law. The theory places the gods under the influence of external moral law, where the gods lack all manner of sovereignty. The theory also presents the gods as beings with no supernatural ability whatsoever as they are mere subjects of external moral laws and discover morality rather than invent it. The theory of divine command theory of morality loses its sense in that in the first place it sees the gods as arbitrary beings who only seek to justify the behavior, conduct, ethics and morality of humankind. The second failure focuses on the lack of divinity for the gods by losing their sovereignty and falling under the moral laws of man. Plato regards the Olympian deities based on argument in the Euthyphro where he uses the question of piety and its relationship to the gods. This is the same way he did with morality, where he asks why things are regarded as piteous; is it because the deity loves them or does the deity love them because they are piteous? His critique is that there is a complex relationship between the deity and the people and the influence that the deity has with the ...Show more
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Date Plato Plato argues against the divine command theory of morality based on a number of principles that show a strong conviction and logic against common beliefs and assumed logic. The concept of morality according to the divine command theory of morality states that there is a relationship between right and wrong; and the will of God (Taber)…
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