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In Plato's Protagoras, Socrates suggests that virtue, or human excellence, amounts to the possession of wisdom. Explain what Socrates means by this, and give one of the arguments he uses to demonstrate it…
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To explain this further, he gave his idea of wisdom. Wisdom may be in the form of enlightenment as in depicted in the Allegory of Cave, when the cave is left and the world outside of the cave is viewed from a whole different perspective and observe the world as it really is and not what has been imagined or envisioned. However, the world outside of the cave is not in complete isolation from the inside. For example, inside the cave, it had been deduced that there is a dog or a cat judging from its shadow, but outside the cave the dog or the cat could be seen in flesh, in reality, the way it actually was and in the trueness of its form. Therefore enlightenment is not completely isolated from the life of the cave, but offers the truth about the life in the cave. Socrates also said that not knowing is a form of wisdom. Explaining this further he meant to say that if there are two people – one who does not have knowledge and still thinks that he knows and the other who does not have knowledge but does not think that he knows as well. Upon comparison, Socrates considers the one who does not have knowledge and thinks that he does not have knowledge as well is the wiser man of the two. Another way by which can be considered as wisdom is how a philosopher tends to his soul and takes care of it. This is related to his famous saying ‘for the unexamined life is not worth living for men’ (38a) in the Apology. ...
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