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Hence, a modern definition of democracy was established to distinguish it from other forms of government which were not people-centered. The contemporary definition of democracy is: “form of government, where a constitution guarantees basic personal and political rights, fair and free elections, and independent courts of law” (Democracy Building: para.7). This essay discusses how democracy has been viewed from different perspectives by prominent philosophers over the course of history. It attempts to merge their ideas while I as the author give my own views in reaction to their contentions. Indeed, it is a form of government which is most challenging to maintain because of the many considerations and factors that it impacts and vice versa. Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke, Mill and Kant are philosophers who have taken human nature and natural laws into consideration when they discussed democracy. Hobbes, for one, digs into man’s right to life and survival. According to him, natural laws are governed by the fact that man needs to fight for his survival. It is natural for man to seek peace in his life but if he gets into conflict with others due to competition, diffidence and glory, then he has the right to defend himself in order to restore his peace. ...Show more

Summary

A Cornucopia of Views on Democracy Democracy is a form of government that has come a long way to serve the people. It was the great US president Abraham Lincoln who popularized the definition of democracy as “government of the people, by the people, for the people”…
Author : aimeereynolds
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