StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Theories of punishment - Term Paper Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Theories of punishment

Crime and punishment consider the philosophical concept of cause and effect. Crime causes suffering, pain, and losses to someone. Punishment also causes suffering, pain, and losses (“Crime”). Punishment is the effect in the form of penalty inflicted on an offender through a judicial procedure. Society imposes retribution on an individual who committed an act that public laws forbid. Society has numerous answers to the issue why an offender should be punished. Some of them are to stop them from committing further crimes, tell the victims that the society disapproves the act, and share their feelings, stop others from doing similar acts, and protect the community. The set forth above review indicates that society tries to punish all offenders who commit index crimes. Whether a sentence is carried out or not is exclusively law enforcement and judicial authority’s tasks and only statistical appraisal can confirm it, which is beyond the scope of this assignment. An index crime is committed willingly and non-index ones are perpetrated non-willingly. Non-index crimes consist of non-physical confrontation. For example, violation of liquor laws is a non-index crime, which does not cause pain, loss and suffering to another person. It is a non-index crime. ...
The concept of utilitarian theory is: Does consequence (result of punishment) relate to the happiness of the largest number? Punishment in this theory works for the prevention of future crime. Retributive theory is past oriented and it seeks retribution from offenders for their crimes. It also conveys to the offender that the purpose of the punishment is to impose moral responsibility, and punishment does not account offender's future conduct. The salient feature of the above analysis points to the fact that society is more eager to punish those whose crimes consist of physical confrontation. We can conclude that non-index crimes are punished less often. The described above definition of the index and non-index crimes states that index crime consists of physical confrontation and non-index crimes consist of non-physical one. For example, homicide, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault cannot be committed without physical contact with the victim, while fraud, forgery, gambling, drug abuse, and disorderly conduct do not involve physical contact. That is why index crime, as a whole, causes more physical harm and financial loss than a non-index crime. According to the FBI report, property crimes in 2011 resulted in estimated losses of $156.6 billion (“Crime Statistics for 2010”). Part II The criminal justice system in general uses two punishment theories: utilitarianism and retributivism. The first theory states that criminal laws’ purpose is to prevent future harms while the following states the purpose is to punish past wrongs. Retributive justice has undergone different criticism. One of them defines that punishment for the same crime is different in different jurisdictions of the same country. ...Show more


Course Date Theories of Punishment Part I Crime is considered as an act or the execution of an act that civil laws of society forbid, therefore making the offender liable to punishment by that law (“Crime”). The essence of “civil laws of society” emphasizes the subjective perception of the concept of crime in any society…
Author : rupertjaskolski
Theories of punishment essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the term paper on your topic
"Theories of punishment"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Capital Punishment
The study reflects the insignificance of Capital punishment in curbing the rate of crime conducted. The multi facet reasons behind the offenders conducting such crimes should be necessarily studied before confirming the judgment. The societal responsibility in breeding the adolescence and their eventual turning up into criminals cannot be bypassed.
14 pages (3500 words) Term Paper
Juveniles and the Death Penalty: Annotated Bibliography
The Supreme Court of the US banned capital punishment which is directed at underage offenders and this has motivated studies which aim at establishing the societal perception on the juvenile death penalty. This paper presents summaries of various information sources which include credible articles and research papers on the various legal aspects of the juvenile death penalty.
4 pages (1000 words) Term Paper
The Developmental Theories of Harry Stack Sullivan
Harry Sullivan led an isolated and a lonely childhood within a small community that was mainly involved in farming activities (Austrian, 2008). Due to his isolation along with loneliness, Sullivan however formed only one secure interpersonal relation with another boy who was five years older than he was (Sullivan, 2003).
8 pages (2000 words) Term Paper
Capital Punishment
This essay attempts to describe the arguments of the author behind the assertion that capital punishment has a greater deterrent effect on the commission of homicide compared to long imprisonment among potential criminals. This will also provide evidence against capital punishment based on economic, legal, and moral grounds.
3 pages (750 words) Term Paper
The purposes of punishment are different among different people. It might be applied to persuade and put good behavior in to effect among individuals in the society or within the family according to the standards that have been set.
5 pages (1250 words) Term Paper
The Task Force for Corrections
This report is based on two principles. First, Ohio’s policy should be evidenced-based (Cullen & Gendreau, 2000; MacKenzie, 2001). Too often, penalties and programs have been based on common sense,
11 pages (2750 words) Term Paper
Choose a half dozen or so theories that you have studied as a psychology student. Describe how these theories differ from one another, or how they are similar to one another
Some of them were really hard for me to understand. Some of them were pretty controversial. But I had been able to understand all those theories, al least memorize them if I didn’t understood. Made sense out of them. But today I looked at them from a very
5 pages (1250 words) Term Paper
Personality Theories
While doing so, Horney’s definition of perfectionism and its efficacy in real life is examined. The paper further intends to analyze if criteria offered by Allport while discussing normal mature adult is adequate enough or needs additions in order to
4 pages (1000 words) Term Paper
Philosophical and Sociological aspects of crime and punishment
Law is an indispensable tool in the society in governing the behavior of individuals in order for the society to behave in accordance with the system of rules characterizing the society. Kant’s
2 pages (500 words) Term Paper
Ethical Theories
When such situations arise, many people are confused and challenged with ethical considerations, as they are not sure how to manage this situation. It might be useful to apply ethical theories and perspectives to the case of whistleblowing in business in order to
8 pages (2000 words) Term Paper
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us