The events which are notified in the history of sociology are three as main characteristics. These events include renaissance, French revolution and industrial revolution in England. These three highlighted events are the core divisional structural components of social construction. As France was the revolutionary nation that pulled the monarch system out and set up a republic state in the last decade of 17th century, opposition of slavery and slave trading, presidential system instead of monarch system and withdrawal of excessive protocol system may be broadened as main characteristics of French revolution. By the 19th century, France had transformed into a developed nation. There were a lot of positive changes and social dynamics introduced which helped the people to improve their life styles. The industrialization in France that was brought after French revolution embossed deep foot prints over the societal life in France. The deep rooted French revolution was no doubt a key to industrialization that further permitted the social classes and social ordinal levels become segregated in the society. The impacts were still not very much immediate if compared to Britain and German industrial revolutions.
August Comte was a French thinker who worked for construction of sociology and presented a social structure theory. According to the theory of social structure, every society comes into being by following several stages. These stages include religious, metaphysical and scientific. The problem solvers in the society use scientific and logical knowledge based evidence to fix the societal issues rather than just compromising over mythological phenomena (Macionis, 2007). August Comte believed that there are two branches of society as statics and dynamics. Dynamics may be referred to as a study of processes through which society adopts changes and transformations whereas Statistics is the name of study through which societies last. He also argued that societies are moved in positive directions through working over the scientific knowledge which is merely logical (Bijker Hughes & Pinch, 1987). Basically Comte contributed in the development of sociology through classification of social ordering and sciences (the law of three stages; stated above), presented a wide scope and nature of sociology in depth, the plan through which societies may be reconstructed and the positive philosophical measures for society (Bijker, Hughes & Pinch, 1987). The contributions of Emile Durkheim are also remarkable in the history of sociology. He was also a French writer and thinker who presented numerous theories and practices to improve the social processes. The presented theories of Durkheim are more deep rooted as compared to that of August Comte’
The founders of societal studies August Comte and Emile Durkheim have distinguishable places while we talk about history of sociology. They have presented a number of classical come modern concepts of sociology. The base of their theories is grounded around the social order theory…
I believe I can now show that this session consisted of several chains of interaction rituals that led to group solidarity, or a "collective effervescence", that was interestingly based on group created symbols and symbolism. The experience was all the more profound for me as I was an 'outsider' or a person who I thought would be unlike the people who had already been tutors and who were insiders.
According to Durkheim the existence of deviance and crime result to the need to have the social control mechanism, the parts of the society are related and if one part does not exist then the society will not function well, therefore the existence of deviance and crimes in the society will result to the need to have a social control mechanism.
There is a lot of confusion bordering to chaos, mainly because there is a lot of dogmatism, wild assertions and misrepresentations prevailing in the field. Over-simplification of some of the sound theories has diluted their dimensions beyond recognition. This means that further ongoing research is necessary in the field and that research cannot be conducted in isolation of one another.
There is the sagacity of the loss of simplicity, legitimacy and spontaneity. The directive of the individual within a bureaucratic and administered world proscribes genuine feeling and sentiment. The procedure of civilization thereby entails the taming of savage feeling.
A discussion of justice fits into the theme of the papers discussion because of Durkheim definition of justice. Our concern is how law, morality and social solidarity have a relationship to Durkheim's accounts of these. Durkheim's accounts relate to the modern societies.
The author states that social statics and dynamics are the pillars of Comte’s study to bring social stability. They are the two aspects of a theory and correlative to each other. Dynamics (process of evolution) can only be occur in society when the society in stable or equilibrium (static) phase.
Moralizing may be thought as an intellectual exercise, but more often, it is regarded as an attempt of making sense of individual’s gut instinct. Among people who employ morality normatively describes morality as a code of conduct, which
Like in some families parents find it their obligation to check their children homework’s and schoolwork’s while for some other families attending dinners and other social event is way too important than their children.
Without the social restrictions, human desires ramble and undesirable normlessness prevails, a condition that is defined as anomie (Durkheim, 2012). Anomie is a property of the social structure in which common norms do not regulate
In particular, his researches were based on investigating different manifestations of personal behavior in current social life. And so, prevalence of negative aspects in data set incited him to create the theory of human nature with
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