Through his writings, Kant has described the motivations for good will and the illustration of this concept as an intrinsically developed virtue within human beings. The theories which Kant has postulated have been applied in the descriptions of individual actions and the reasons why they are motivated to acts in such a manner. This research paper explains the morals, values and ethics within the society in relation to how people adhere to them or violate them as defined by the intrinsic value of good will. Immanuel Kant presents good will in all human actions in relation to ethics, morals and human values. Kant describes good will as the only thing which intrinsically and unqualifiedly good (Roche 664). Nonetheless it is important to consider that there is a difference between what is considered to be intrinsically good and that which is instrumentally good. The former in innate while the latter in defined by external forces or factors within the environment. In the light of this argument therefore, it only makes sense to describe good will as the things which individuals do because they consider them to be moral or ethical regardless of the external influences (Thorpe 461). Good will is therefore the motivation of the positive acts which people demonstrate in daily activities. On the other hand, involvement of individuals on what is considered unethical or against the values of the society is thus an adjunct of bad will. Kent’s description of good will reveals that it is not equal to happiness, wit, intelligence, talent or judgment (Sensen 264). This is because superior abilities or talents that individuals have do not necessarily mean that they will act on the basis of good will. Moreover, mental abilities do not reflect that an individual will do things according to the values, moral and norms of the society (Thorpe 461). This sentiment is demonstrated by the fact that people with mental abilities or talents may use these abilities for bad intentions or purposes and thus revealing actions which are not based on good will. This view of good will as brought forth by Emmanuel Kent only illustrates clearly that good will is a moral or ethical way of doing things and is not determined by the mental abilities or talent. However, mental abilities are not necessarily associated with bad purpose of action (Zermatt 611). When Kent presents good will in the light of happiness, it becomes clear that happiness and good will are not parallel entities. This means that good will does not necessarily reflect that a person is happy. Additionally, people who act against the values or morals of the society may demonstrate aspects of happiness regardless of their bad intentions and actions. Good will is illustrated by Kent as actions which cannot be perverted (Roche 674). Since good will is intrinsic and unqualifiedly good, it is therefore true to say that good will is different from moral, ethics and values which can be deceiving. This is demonstrated by the fact that apparent moral traits such as self control and moderation may be used for bad intentions or purposes. For example a temperate, self controlled and cool criminal may prove to be more dangerous as compared to a more intemperate and passionate one. Additionally, values may be deceiving as an individual could demonstrate compliance to values or ethics with bad intentions (Ranasinghe 299). This justifies Kent’s theory on good will as the only thing which cannot deceive because it emanates from intrinsic self. However, it is necessary to note than in most cases, adherence to morals, values and ethics is a demonstration of an individual’s good will. The distinction between deceiving morals or ethics can however be achieved by a well trained or experienced psychologist. This
This research paper explains the morals, values and ethics within the society in relation to how people adhere to them or violate them as defined by the intrinsic value of good will. Immanuel Kant postulates concepts on moral, ethical and societal values in relation to good will. …
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6 pages (1500 words)Research Paper
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