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Medical Ethics: by Tony Hope - Essay Example

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Medical Ethics: by Tony Hope

These medics are expected to go beyond their normal responsibilities to make sure that a patient does not die. The ethics require these medical practitioners to prevent and treat illnesses without compromising rights and dignity of the patient (Hope 76). Most doctors, nurses and other medics have been, at one time or another, faced by situations which require instant life and death decisions. This is always a difficult decision to make for any physician. However, being a doctor means that someone has to be ready to make these difficult situations. There are, however, some situations that modern day doctors and other medical practitioners find themselves that spur a lot of controversies and heated discussions. These situations are mostly brought about by the advances in modern medicine practices that have come up in the past few years. Some of these subjects in medicine that have sparked debates all over include, among others the practice of human cloning (Hope 45). Scientists have not yet been able to completely clone a human being, but there have been advanced achievements towards the same. In fact, the only widely known successful cloning experiment was done by scientists in Scotland who cloned a sheep, called Dolly. Although there has also been some successful cloning procedures done on mice, human cloning is yet to take root. Scientists who are interested to do such experiments argue that they will be able to clone children for spouses who wish to have children but cannot have them using the conventional and natural means. But some ethical issues must come along such discussions. Will these scientists be able to clone people who have died? Will the cloning of dead people really be ethical? Will the cloned people have the kind of life like the other people? What about the government, will they allow or outlaw such practices? This, with no doubt, may cause an ethical and religious uproar. In humans, advances like in-vitro fertilization have been outstanding. This is the practice where the conception of a child happens outside the womb. When the first experiment of this type was first done, almost everyone was impressed with this milestone achievement in the medical industry. This was in 1978 when the first test-tube baby was born. Conception and incubation of the child had taken place outside the womb, something that was, at that time, unprecedented. Soon thereafter, however, the ethical issue came into play (Hope 46). There were debates all over, from religious quarters, to the ethicists themselves and even other physicians. Many questioned whether it was ethical to create life using technology. Reproductive technology, apparently, does not involve in-vitro fertilization only. There are other practices involved such as sperm donation and implant of selected embryos with desired genetic traits. On the flip-side, these technological advancements have been a huge relief foe spouses and other people who desire to have children when all the other means have failed. The controversy that always surrounds most medical procedures has in some cases turned around to become real medical milestones. Organ transplantation, for example, is a perfect case of a medical procedure that faced a lot of ethical debates when it was being introduced. Taking an organ from one body and transferring it to another was seen as a ridiculous medical procedure that violated all ethics of medicine practice. However, most people, including these critics, have come to appreciate this procedure that has gone a long way in saving lives. This procedure has been around for only several decades since its practice started in the early 1980’s. Through this practice, thousands of lives have been saved, ...Show more

Summary

Ethics are the principles and guidelines that are used to judge right and wrong situations and provide a code of conduct and standard behaviors. Most health practitioners are guided by these principles. It is required of them to treat all patients equally as well as promoting health and saving lives…
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Medical Ethics: by Tony Hope essay example
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