Kant, Mill, and Nietzsche - Essay Example

Extract of sample
Kant, Mill, and Nietzsche

However, Kant and Mill also differ in a sense that Kant states that a person’s moral is innate as in a priori reasoning and Mill suggests, however selfishly, that morals are essential to a person’s happiness as people abide to morals for them to be happy. Now, for Nietzsche being good – at least morally good, is a social construct as the upper class and the people who are in control are defining the word with their preferences and activities. It can change as to who controls the social power. With this notion, evil, or bad, is also arbitrary, as the social class also determines which are bad and those things are generally the ones that do not work for them. For example, if you are an upper class gentleman and your slaves are working well for you, would you consider slavery immoral? No, because it is good for you. You might even think that slavery is important. But if you are a slave, slavery for you is evil because you suffer. However, who holds the social power? For the longest time, it was the upper class, which is why slavery did not become illegal for a long time. Then when the revolution happened, many people were affected by it. And those “many people” helped slavery become a “bad” thing. ...
Download paper

Summary

A nurse’s refusal to give a CPR to a dying 87 year old woman at a living center has promoted outrage and a criminal investigation.” What would Kant, Mill and Nietzsche say about it?…
Author : damariswilderma
Download 1

Related Essays

Immanuel Kant
He has also influenced many other great thinkers of modern times. It was because of the wholeness of Kant’s work that many people from different professional backgrounds identify with him. Kant wrote extensively on political philosophy, moral philosophy, perception, and categories of the faculty of understanding. In this paper we will attempt to outline the main ideas of Kant and then an analysis of his ideas will be followed. We will also discuss the strengths of Kant’s ideas briefly at the end of the paper. Kant wrote extensively on philosophy as he covered different branches of...
10 pages (2510 words) Research Paper
How are the categorical imperative (Kant) and/or the greatest happiness principle (Mill) applied in law?
Two particular theories or principles that have been applied in law are Categorical Imperative (CI) by Immanuel Kant and the Greatest Happiness Principle (GHP) by Stuart Mill. Kant’s categorical imperative theory provides a way of evaluating the motives behind an action. According to Kant1 (27), an imperative refers to any proposition that declares a particular action or inaction as necessary. Obligations and duties are therefore derived from these imperatives. On the other hand, a categorical imperative refers to a requirement that is absolute and unconditional, and asserts its authority in...
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Comparing Philosophical Positions of Kant and of John Stuart Mill
This research paper considers ideas of Kant and Mill and applies them for the issues of war in the modern global world. Utilitarianism of John Stuart Mill and Deontology of Kant can be compared and contrasted. In the modern context the main ideas of these great philosophers can be implemented in the context of modern political events. Whether there is a need for utilitarian morals and laws or whether it is much important to focus on individual values–these considerations are provided by Kant and Mill. Mill’s Utilitarianism. Mill developed the Greatest Happiness Principle, which he explains...
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Kant
In addition, these laws are not only made by these beings, but these beings are also subject to the laws, which have been made. Every rational or human nature is based on the autonomy of the beings, which is practiced by them. The categorical imperative is at the center of the philosophical concept as espoused in the moral philosophy of Kant and it may be used as a way of determining the motivations that bring about the actions of human beings. Kant's view is that all human beings occupy an unusual place in the creation, and this makes them immensely rational creatures that were given the...
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Relationship between Morality and Happiness based on Kant and Mill
It is important to note that the question raises other questions based on logic. For example, in the modern world, should morality be influenced by actions that take into consideration the greatest number of people affected; or should the rationale of morality focus on logic and other personal beliefs? Juxtaposing Kant’s and Mill’s ideas reveals the philosophical relation between their arguments clearly albeit with a lot of effort. The ideology of metaphysics was a major avenue of study followed by Immanuel Kant. Metaphysics is the philosophical study of a person’s know how and being....
8 pages (2008 words) Essay
Compare And Contrast The Theories Advanced By Mill And Kant By Applying Them To A Specific Situation.
Considering the brutality of this punishment it has been abandoned in most countries of the world. Today some American countries are still practicing this punishment. Undoubtedly, it won't be wrong to say that the death penalty is the harshest form of punishment that persists in the world. Today the easiest way to execute this punishment is by inducing the lethal injections. Capital punishment has turned out to be a topic of immense debate and hence is a very controversial and contradictory topic. Those who side this form of punishment believe that his punishment helps to reduce the level of...
3 pages (753 words) Research Paper
Kant and Mill Ideologies
Indeed, Mill claims that people should value the principle of utility as a tool that derives secondary moral principles, which promote general happiness. The fundamental principle of morality means that happiness is intended pleasure and absence of pain where right actions promote happiness while wrong actions produce the reverse of happiness, which is unhappiness, pain, and the privation of pleasure. As such, we can judge people’s actions based on the secondary principles, which promote general happiness. On the other hand, Immanuel Kant defines the fundamental principle of morality as the...
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!