StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Descartes First Meditation paper and Moore's Certainty paper - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Descartes First Meditation paper and Moore's Certainty paper

Descartes work was centered on the issues that challenge one’s ability to be certain about something. His path to establish certainty begins a state of doubt. It is this doubt that prompts him to choose to demolish all the knowledge he had in the past (Descartes 87). He will then start afresh through testing the validity of things before being certain of their existence. He searches to establish a foundation of philosophy that cannot be shaken. This is because much of the knowledge he obtained in the past was through senses that at times are deceptive. In this he highlights, it is somehow difficult to distinguish when one is asleep and when awake. He majors on meditation, which is regarded as a philosophical classic. However, he provocatively pursues the issues to do with these important matters.
Provocatively, Moore challenges the argument concerning ones inability to know whether he is dreaming. In the logical inversion of Descartes argument, Moore argues that, if one knows not that he is dreaming, one knows not that he standing. Additionally, people is unsure of his standing and realize that he is not hallucinating, (Moore 30). This is logical since one can only dream when asleep. Additionally, one can be dreaming or think he is standing and in actual sense, he is standing. This is the only case where dreaming and thinking to standing and standing at the same time is consistent. Moore’s concern on external world’s existence is evident. Given the reality, it is impractical to prove its existence.
According to him, so many oppositions can, be used to prove the existence of the external world. In his illustration to demonstrate the fact about the existence of the world, he uses his hands. For instance, when he holds up his hands, it is certain that he is holding up his hands. The conclusion from the above illustration shows it is true that he has hands. If it has truth in it, more illustrations are also true. About external world issue, similar proofs can be used to tell the existence of it (Kim and Sosa 30). While Descartes says that dreams have taken place, he not sure he is dreaming. This is to mean that he does not know that the dreaming has taken place. In evaluating Descartes ides, “doubt” and “thinking” brings inconsistency the ideas. Descartes is unsure of his existence, although he thinks he does. The reason validating his doubt is that he may be dreaming or is being deceived by a demon that he exists. The reason for him to think he exists is that he is only thinking without any objective proof of his existence. The proof about his existence is only subjective. He is unable to convince others of his existence, (Moore 34). Descartes argument has weaknesses and strengthens. He says that all things he knew as truth in his childhood have been falsehoods. This is a weak argument because; lack of proof cannot guarantee one to assume it is false. He later justifies his attempt to ruin that entire truth he had known over years and started afresh. He wanted something that had a strong foundation that did not rest on mere assumptions and feelings (Descartes 87). This is quite right to be passionate to do away with former opinions unless tested to be true. Additionally, he says not all the ideas and information he has is false. He makes an excuse that, for the opinions that he is not certain with, he will not touch on them. This gives a loophole for doubt and uncertainty. To assess which opinions are not certain would be a tedious job; therefore, he will not go through ...Show more

Summary

This paper "Descartes First Meditation paper and Moore's Certainty paper" will outline Descartes dream argument and Moore’s certainty argument as a response to Descartes idea of the reality of the world. The following works refer to meditation, which is regarded as a philosophical classic…
Author : shakira85
Descartes First Meditation paper and Moores Certainty paper essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Descartes First Meditation paper and Moore's Certainty paper"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Expository Essay on First Meditation by Rene Descartes
In contrast, Descartes yields a different perspective wherein he theorizes that not all that men know can be gathered by relying on our senses. Furthermore, he made it evident that in fact our senses may not always be reliable. He begins ‘First Meditation’ or ‘On what can be called into Doubt’ by introducing his first proposition that everything he knows, i.e.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Descartes Mind Body Dualism in 6th Meditation
Rene Descartes who lived from 1596 till 1650 was the French physiologist, philosopher and mathematician. He was the first one to initiate the debate about the mind’s and the body’s interaction with each other. Descartes proposed that human mind is a non-bodily entity, so it can work independent of the body.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Descartes and Certainty
In Meditation 1, Descartes expresses his doubts that have long disturbed him. When he first realizes his uncertainty he decides to wait for his maturity of reason, hoping that his doubts would vanish at a later stage in life. He admits to believing everything that is served him, even false opinions, and then wills to rectify the fallacies that have accumulated from a false belief by allowing the foundation of false beliefs to be toppled down.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Meditation on First Philosophy, by Rene Descartes http://classicallibrary.org/descartes/meditations/
Innate ideas are naturally within us; adventitious ideas are derived from our own personal experiences; and invented ideas are linked directly to our imaginations. Our idea of God comes from any one of these three sources. In continuing his thoughts
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Descartes third meditation
Descartes takes into account the probability that he, being a thinking entity with a notion of God ‘in the capacity of’ absolutely faultless being, is caused by a thing different from himself. As Descartes states (Bonnen & Flage 1999, 73): In respect of this
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
BAI 151 first paper
further losses were incurred when the company had to reimburse $100 to each phone owner of the new smart phones in the USA as a result of lack of internet connectivity. The company, therefore, has a lot of ground to cover before it recovers fully from that profit plunge. I
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Descartes First Meditation paper and Moore's Certainty paper
In addition, the research provided detailed information concerning the benefits and drawbacks of raising equity finance and in particular to Peter and Julie`s concept. Furthermore, the research could not have been any better without discussing
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Meditation on first philosophy, Rene Descartes, 3 pages attached follow the instruction
However, theologians can affirm that the existence of God can be proven by both natural reason, and from the Sacred Scriptures. Citing from some of the best arguments put forth by previous philosophers,
1 pages (250 words) Essay
The First Meditation
ferent situations, especially reality, and that his belief in the false foundation of much of knowledge is what motivates him to decide to find out what is true or false in his total knowledge (Descartes 35). This is the reason why he chooses to consider his dreaming and waking
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Short Paper on Descartes
Descartes will make the above conclusion because of the experiences associated with dreaming. According to him, human beings experience some feelings in life when awake as well as when dreaming. In support of his claim, it is apparent that people get tricked with some
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation