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Kant - Essay Example

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Kant

Time was of the essence as the woman’s condition continued to deteriorate despite the application of certain remedial measures. According to standard practice, the doctors required the assent of the next of kin in order to perform the dangerous experiment. After several futile attempts to contact the family members, the doctors decided to proceed with the abortion with the intention of rescuing the life of the mother. The operation went on successfully as the fetus was aborted. However, both the woman and her family members expressed their disappointment in the loss of the child and vowed to sue the doctors and the hospitals for what they deemed as professional negligence. Attempts by the hospital administration to explain the difficult situation in which the doctors found themselves failed to calm down the irate family members. According to their culture, abortion is a taboo and should not be performed under all circumstances. The family members implied that they would have preferred the woman to die in her own efforts to give birth rather than performing an abortion. The issue elicited sharp responses on both sides of the abortion debate. Much of the arguments were focused on the moral question of rescuing a mother in danger and the necessity of performing an abortion that led to the death of the child....
As such, actions that appear as moral but which were caused by some instinct or desire cannot be qualified as moral actions. The motivating principle that underpins moral actions must be the moral law, which according to Kant has a universal characteristic (Kant and James 34). The comprehension of this law is by means of intuition that naturally occurs among people. In this sense, Kant argued that moral laws are absolute and are not determined by circumstances. A significant factor in Grounding is the adoption of categorical imperative that infuses reason within the element of morality. In this regard, it becomes appropriate to consider the fact that Kant’s perspective of morality requires people to act in ways that could elevate their motivating principles into universal laws. Kant argues that it is not possible to obtain knowledge of things in themselves. At the same time he argued that the freedom of will may not be determined by reason alone. There cannot be any proof or disapproval of its existence. Therefore, understanding things in themselves would be defeated by the limits of tools of reason or senses as projected in the natural human faculties. The concept that defines freedom of the will, according to Kant can be used to explain morality and moral principles. The determination of morality as spelt out in Kant’s Grounding of Metaphysics of Morals is an activity that requires some deeper assessment of facts as they relate to motive and causes. Causal relationships between actions are ultimately reducible into some fundamental principles of logic. The task of determining the trends in the processes and activities of certain actions can only be determined through a precise assessment of the motives ...Show more

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A pregnant woman went into a coma shortly after experiencing labor pains. The doctors on duty could not immediately contact her husband or any relations about the development…
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