Does God call something right or moral because it is right or moral or does is something right or moral because God calls it moral? Therefore, if God calls an act moral because it is moral, then morality or goodness will be seen as priori to Gods Command and thus, it is independent of God. On the other hand, if an act is moral because God says it is moral or right, then it implies that whatever God says it is right (Hamilton and Cairns 37). In addition, this also implies that Gods command of what is moral is arbitrary since the same God could have willed contrary commands. The dialogue presents the challenge that was intended to make us think about the nature of morality. Therefore, when Socrates asks Euthyphro about his definition of the word piety, Euthyphro was required to identify the nature of virtue or morality by establishing on what ground does morality or virtue stand on. It is difficult for an atheist to discover the ground on which morality stands on because they claim that they can have ethics or morals without God. Certainly, an atheist can behave in a way that people perceive moral or good but it is really hard to define what the term ultimately means (Plato 10a). It may imply complying with objective standard of morality or good, a policy or law given by legitimate authority without involving a transcendent law maker-the gods. This means that there can be no transcendent law maker and no corresponding duty to be good. Most Christians oppose the argument that there is an arbitrary role of God’s power and rejects the idea that there is no law or policy over God. Then, where does morality stands? Morality can be said to be grounded in the divine and immutable character of God who is perfectly good in that his commands are not whims but planted in his holiness. Christians argue that any bad things that happen are not commanded by God because his character is that he is holy and merciful. For Christians, morality is rooted in God’s character which expresses itself in the commands of God and it is not above him. In sum, whatever is good is always commanded by God not that it is good so that God commands it to be good (Cooper 41). Christians argue that God ultimately determines the pious or morality and that the commands of God are expression of his desires and will for what human beings ought to do. This is because such argument presents a metaphysical foundation of piety or morality. Human beings need to be committed to the existence of moral truths in order for them to live in accordance with the will of God. This means the existence of moral truths for people since they have moral obligation to obey what God commands. This is so because Christians believe that their moral obligation comes from God in form of commands. Thus, people ought to be moral because they are morally accountable to God in that those people who do not obey him will be punished and good people will receive rewards (Plato 10b). Plato’s dialogue regarding the nature of morality or goodness is still being raised even today as a challenge to Christianity in that many Christians ask themselves is an action or act good or right because God says it is right or does god say it is good or right because the act is right. The Euthyphro dilemma is traced in
Instructor Date Euthyphro Dilemma In Plato’s dialogue, the Euthyphro, Socrates presents an argument against a common moral perception that morality or piety is a matter of what the gods’ commands. This makes Socrates to pose the following questions, is the right or pious being loved by the gods because it is pious or it is right or pious because it is being loved by the gods?…
In this play, Strepsiades who is full of debts as a result of his son’s obsession with horse racing convinces his son Pheidippides to enroll at the Thinkery and learn tricks of evading or dealing with creditors in court. The sophists at this school were Socrates and his friend the Chaerephon who had made a lot of scientific discoveries.
Euthyphro’s first response: “Piety is doing as I am doing”, which was prosecuting his father who is guilty of murder; so impiety then is to do otherwise. Unsatisfied with this definition, Socrates claimed that it could hardly suffice as a definition of piety.
So begins a dialogue between Socrates and Euthyphro discussing mainly, the topic of holiness. Euthyphro is a dogmatic man who insists on following the set rules. He has come to court because he is pressing charges against his father on accounts of murder.
The responsibility of employing a pious or religiously legal deed fell on him after the Athenian spiritual interpreters failed to confer with his father in time to settle legal matters concerning the person at fault. Socrates, on the other hand, acknowledges in truth that a man who is capable of prosecution ought to specialize in affirming what “piety” is.
The following analysis will briefly engage a discussion of the highlights of the work as well as seek to draw a level of inference with regards to what, if any, final definition of holiness/piety can be drawn from the back and forth discussions of these two men.
Apparently, the worker had killed one of his father’s slaves. Consequently, his father ordered him bound, gagged and put in a ditch to await religious interpretation of appropriate course of action. The man died while in the ditch prompting Euthyphro to file a manslaughter case against his father.
Euthyphro goes to court to implicate his father in a murder case whereas Socrates is there because he is accused of corrupting the young generation by his impiety. The interrogative dialogues raise three pertinent views
For example, some of the important aspects of human nature that characterize mans existence on earth can be found in the problem of trying to find out what is virtue. In order to expose the problem of man’s continuous search for knowledge,
According to him, this shows that God is similar to human beings. He asserts that fitting of means to ends throughout nature is similar to the manner in which human beings fit means to ends of things through human design, thought and wisdom. Using the rule of analogy, Cleanthes explains that because the effects are similar, so are the causes.
4 pages (1000 words)Essay
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