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Euthyphro (Platos Early Dialogues) - Essay Example
Pages 10 (2510 words)
Instructor Date Euthyphro Dilemma In Plato’s dialogue, the Euthyphro, Socrates presents an argument against a common moral perception that morality or piety is a matter of what the gods’ commands. This makes Socrates to pose the following questions, is the right or pious being loved by the gods because it is pious or it is right or pious because it is being loved by the gods?…
Does God call something right or moral because it is right or moral or does is something right or moral because God calls it moral? Therefore, if God calls an act moral because it is moral, then morality or goodness will be seen as priori to Gods Command and thus, it is independent of God. On the other hand, if an act is moral because God says it is moral or right, then it implies that whatever God says it is right (Hamilton and Cairns 37). In addition, this also implies that Gods command of what is moral is arbitrary since the same God could have willed contrary commands. The dialogue presents the challenge that was intended to make us think about the nature of morality. Therefore, when Socrates asks Euthyphro about his definition of the word piety, Euthyphro was required to identify the nature of virtue or morality by establishing on what ground does morality or virtue stand on. It is difficult for an atheist to discover the ground on which morality stands on because they claim that they can have ethics or morals without God. Certainly, an atheist can behave in a way that people perceive moral or good but it is really hard to define what the term ultimately means (Plato 10a). ...
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