John Locke’s Natural Rights in The Second Treatise of Government.

John Locke’s Natural Rights in The Second Treatise of Government. Essay example
Masters
Essay
Philosophy
Pages 12 (3012 words)
Download 0
The rights encompass one’s rights to one’s body/person, right of survival or preservation, the right to property, the right to labour, the right to freedom, the right to punishment, the right to society and the right to self-defence in war…

Introduction

“Locke developed central devices for political theory …a theory of natural law” (Bailey 2008, p. 252). The state of nature, to which Locke refers, describes two things: the condition of mankind before the establishment of civil government and the condition of mankind before the introduction of formal legislation to ensure societal order. Locke deduces that since laws governs nature, and God ordains laws where man is subject to the Divine then the laws govern mankind. It must be noted that since these rights exist outside of the body politic or civil society; they are natural or inherent to man’s being. These rights are inalienable and are equally applied. Forming the basis of the penal system, the justice system, the welfare system, the military system, the economy and the government as a whole, these rights comprise the foundation for both individual and society at large. In the natural state, the rights of man are equal and evenly distributed to all humanity’s members. Sovereignty cannot be invested in a singular individual where all are made equal. In his treatise, Locke insists on “equality of men by nature…as so evident in itself, and beyond all question” (Locke 1980). Locke declares his stand for the equality of the rights of all men, and their sameness before the law and before God. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Are there such things as natural rights? Discussion with respect to the political thought of John Locke.
There are a number of different perspectives on rights that have evolved over time and are now used to deal with this issue. One of these perspectives on rights is that of natural rights that has gained currency over centuries. Any rights that are not dependent on laws, beliefs, culture, customs, government or other such features and are thus universal and inalienable in nature are better known as…
John Locke and the Tacit Consent Theory.
John Locke’s Theory of Tacit Consent is actually necessary but should not be the only basis of the legitimacy of a government. According to John Locke, the so-called Tacit Consent Theory refers to the notion that “one can only become a full member of society by an act of express consent” (Tuckness), which may translate as “simply by walking along the highways of a country a person gives…
Kant and Locke
The two are not only concerned with the individual, but also the manner in which the individual interacts within a group, and the consequent tensions that may occur out of these interactions. This essay attempts to explore the manner in which both Locke and Kant address the concept of human freedom. Freedom, or the manner in which individuals are in a position to act on their own accord, is an…
the second treatise of government
According to Machiavelli human nature should not be given full liberty. If this happens there is a creation of an ignorant population that may challenge the reign of the prince. In this case the prince represents the leader. The prince had the authority to use whichever form of leadership as long what is under his command remain controlled. In one of the most controversial inclusion in his book is…
John Locke's theory about Rights over Property analyzing the article of a winning lottery tickets claimed by three disputants!
According to Locke, one of the primary definitions of what defines property and what does not is with regards to what he terms as “natural rights” (Locke 89). Within this natural right, Locke advances in theory that once labor is mixed with the nature of a given entity/property, a derivation of right exists (Locke 90). Similarly, within such an explanation, the issue of the lottery winnings is…
GOVERNMENT BY CONSENT:The founding principle of political thought,in John locke's second treatise of Government
The following hypotheses have been developed for the present study: Active participation of the members of society in the political procedure (independent variable) would ensure the safeguarding of their rights and privileges (dependent variable) under a democratic government The masses’ taking keen interest in the political activities (independent variable) may overthrow a corrupt regime by…
Comparing the differences of purpose of government according to Philosophers. (Plato, Aristotle, Hobbes, and Locke)
Some of the difficulties that society in the classical period faced are the same as what society experience today. For example, the question on whether to have a democratic, aristocratic, tyrannical or oligarchy was handled by in the classical period by Aristotle yet the same question still presents when discussing modern forms of governments. Thus, it is true to say that philosophers of classical…