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The Concept of the Soul, by Plato - Research Paper Example

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The Concept of the Soul, by Plato

The passion in these elements sprouts from independent faiths differentiating between what is good or bad. When it comes to the appetite, this is due to the arousal of desires that occur as a reaction to the hormonal or other events that take place inside the body. Lastly, the spirited part of the soul is because of the routine response that develops during the course of ones upbringing. Plato in his book Phaedrus, Plato explains this Tripartite Soul in detail. In this book he describes the human soul which is made up of three elements that follow three specific classes that prevail in the society of a fair city containing justice. Individually justice consists in balancing these three elements in such a way that the precise relationship is developed that is based on power. All this leads to a person that contains ruling with reasoning, Reason takes help from spirit, and also develop a satisfying appetite. Plato's 'Theory of the soul' is the basic origin point of the 'Theory of the State'. In this theory, Plato claims that a person who is happy is apparently a just/fair person. In other words this can be better explained by saying that a content person is one who is governed by reason. Thus "Plato and Aristotle each had a view of human nature that assigned reason a central role." (Kupperman, 59) Plato believed that that soul is composed of the three constituents that enlighten the humans: Reason, Emotion, and Appetite which I previously mentioned. It should be noted that Reason contains

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the utmost and supreme value whereas the remaining two are considered to be lower desires. Appetite is given the least importance. It is believed that a soul which is organized is therefore ruled by reason. This eventually keeps control of a person's emotions and appetite. It is essential that the lower ill desires must bow down and submit in front of their dictator that is Reason. (Singpurwalla, 889) The intellect takes rise through one’s conscious and also due to the awareness within. It is denoted by a 'charioteer' who is commanding and guiding the horse and the chariot. This is the constituent that is responsible for the thought, analysis, prediction, rationality, balances, righteousness, and to develop a sense to discriminate between good or bad, right or wrong. The rationality in our mind or the logical thinking is an intellect based portion that is inborn in all humans. This portion is responsible with apprehending and logically judging whether what actually exists, i.e. is real, and further to judge what is just fake and a delusion and also to differentiate between true and false and then consider all aspects and make up one's mind. These rationality based decisions give life meaning and proper living. A person who becomes righteous is then free from all impurities and ill desire. He develops a very different approach. A man who develops rationality is modest, able, humble, just and is only inspired by honest advice and values. Thus he becomes a man of honor and wisdom. In a nutshell,

Summary

The Concept of the Soul by Plato During the time of the Republic, Plato one of the most famous philosopher of ancient Greece brought forward a unique concept that would help in understanding the human soul and also build rationality commonly known as the 'Tripartite Theory of the Soul '."If we are to be justified in attributing the same virtues to the individual, we will find that the soul contains three elements, structured as they are in the state." (Smith, 239) In the era of Republic in ancient Greece, the soul was believed to be composed of three elements that is "reason, "spirit," and "appetite." In an elaboration to this, it was assume…
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The Concept of the Soul, by Plato essay example
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